Dictionary Of Sports And Games Terminology Pdf

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A team sport includes any sport which involves players working together towards a shared objective. A team sport is an activity in which a group of individuals, on the same team, work together to accomplish an ultimate goal which is usually to win. This can be done in a number of ways such as outscoring the opposing team. Team members set goals, make decisions, communicate, manage conflict, and solve problems in a supportive, trusting atmosphere in order to accomplish their objectives.

Sports Terminology - Full list of Sports Words

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Wei SONG. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. As with all emerging disciplines subject to relatively rapid change, it is difficult to define clearly where the boundaries lie; to pin down exactly what sports studies is.

The one thing that is clear about sports studies is that it is, fundamentally, a multidisciplinary subject; however, from this consensus there are many points of departure. Indeed, like the folk games played in England during medieval times, the same name may be given to degree courses or games with radically different structures and contents, and a range of different names can be given to courses or games that are essentially the same. For instance, some courses labelled 'sports studies' retain significant elements of the natural scientific study of sport; what I will refer to here as 'sports science'.

Others labelled 'sports studies' have a not dissimilar content to those labelled 'sport, leisure and culture' or 'sport, culture and the media'. Such variation makes the decision over what sub- disciplines to include far from easy. For better or worse the main categories used when drawing up the list of entries have been: sociology; history; psychology; economics, management and business; politics and policy; physical education and health; and research methods.

There is also a passing mention of sports geography and sports anthropology. However, the challenge for students of sports studies is not to see these areas as compartmentalized, but to embrace the interdisciplinary nature of the subject.

Many entries contained in the dictionary cut across these disciplinary boundaries. Only once was it necessary to include entries from different disciplines for a single subject -for both psychologists and sociologists emotion was too significant a topic to be covered adequately in one entry. More commonly, it has been possible to include a number of different disciplinary perspectives in the same entry e.

My hope is that such an approach will help students to reflect more critically on sporting phenomena. Once the general areas of study were decided upon, the next challenge was to draw up a list of entries which was broadly representative of these different approaches, and to write entries which were inclusive of the range of views on, and approaches to, particular subjects.

In this respect a dictionary entails different challenges to many other forms of academic writing. For most researchers, their discipline and particular theoretical orientation exerts a significant influence upon which research path they forge. My training as a sociologist, and in particular a sociologist who is largely known for his work within the figurational sociological tradition, is both constraining and enabling in this respect.

Regardless of the subject matter, it is impossible to put one's 'sociological imagination' to one side; thus, whilst this dictionary is multidisciplinary, inevitably there is a bias towards sociology. To some degree this is a constraint but if any discipline should dominate it is probably appropriate that it should be sociology.

As Coakley and Dunning argue, sociology was the first sport-related sub-discipline to emerge in an institutionalized form and is now the best established xxi. But my particular sociological approach also lends itself to the multidisciplinary nature of sports studies and the production of the kind of publication attempted here. Elias, upon whose work figurational sociology is largely founded, considered himself not simply as a sociologist, but as 'a human scientist … who concerned himself with studying humans "in the round"; that is, in their bio-, psycho, socio-historical aspects and with the complex … ways in which these aspects are interconnected' Dunning, The dictionary, however, is not solely the product of my labours.

I am very grateful to the 33 guest authors who have provided 41 different entries. This has been invaluable in helping me to bridge those areas where my understanding was not so thorough. Whilst they largely determined the content of and deserve the credit for those entries, the overall selection, and the breadth and comprehensive nature of the coverage of the dictionary as a whole, have been my responsibility.

The degree to which I have been successful in this endeavour can be judged only by the degree to which students who use this text find it useful, and by the extent to which other teachers of sports studies recommend the dictionary to their students because they feel that subjects have been presented in a fair and even-handed way.

What can readers expect from the dictionary and how should it be used? It should be reiterated that the focus of this dictionary is the social aspects of sport: on the whole it does not report on particular sporting feats or contests. The exceptions to this -such as entries for Heysel and Hillsborough -concern events that had a broader social impact, that evoked changes in policy or altered perceptions about sport, its participants and spectators.

Similar criteria were applied to the selection of individuals. Again, the remit of this dictionary was not to include the biographies of the great and the good of sport. However, a few individuals -notably David Beckham and Michael Jordan -have been included.

These people have been included not because they have been particularly successful in their fields though, of course, this is often the case but because their broader social impact has subsequently become the focus of academic research in sports studies. Finally, while it has not been my intention to provide a comprehensive coverage of key texts in sports studies, some classic works have been included as entries. My reason for doing this was that some texts have become so seminal that often writers refer to them without fully describing to the reader what ideas that text conveyed.

This, my teaching experience has shown me, can sometimes cause problems for those who are relatively new to the area. Particular texts, events and individuals, however, rarely form the focus of academic curricula or modules of study. My intention in compiling this dictionary has been to provide something which will be directly relevant to students' programmes of study.

To this end, I hope that the dictionary will be used in a number of ways: as an essential tool for students of sports studies to turn to when, in the process of reading and researching, concepts and ideas are raised, about which they wish to know more or simply clarify meaning; as a reference source, providing a quick source of factual information; and as a means to obtain a baseline of knowledge, a grasp of the essential points related to a particular area.

But the dictionary is also intended to be used at the start of the research process and consequently most entries not only provide a concise definition, but highlight the key debates and the main research topics on a particular theme.

In this respect the dictionary also provides an entry point into the field and this is the rationale behind providing a short list of key readings for all, or almost all, entries. In addition to this, most entries include links to other entries in the dictionary signalled by the use of bold type.

These links are designed to encourage 'joined up' thinking and enable the dictionary to be a research resource in itself.

By consulting a range of different entries the reader will be able to gain a broader appreciation of a topic and its many related facets. However this dictionary is used, I hope that the reader finds it informative and enlightening. Most of all, however, I hope that students of sports studies who use the dictionary find it a stimulating experience, and are encouraged to continue their engagement with the field.

Sports studies is not only an area that I myself have enjoyed studying, but one which is increasingly gaining recognition for its importance, and its ability to help us understand the social world in which we live.

Most commonly we use the term aborigine to refer to the indigenous populations of Australia usually Aborigine and North America usually Native American. However, continuing the legacy of the colonial settlers, this labelling tends to have the effect of falsely homogenizing what are, in fact, very diverse and culturally distinct populations.

What aborigine populations do tend to have in common is their displacement and persecution at the hands of colonial settlers. Sport has, historically, played a central role in the attempts of colonizers to assimilate and 'civilize' aborigine communities. Throughout the process of colonization, integration has been characterized by persistent persecution, racism and continuing disadvantage. Such has been the scale of suffering that aborigines now tend to constitute only very small minority populations e.

There are about 2. Research on aboriginal sport centres on two separate processes: the representation of aborigine athletes in mainstream sport and the attempt to sustain aborigine cultures and identities via sports events specifically designed for, and restricted to, indigenous populations.

With regard to the former, despite the relative absence of mainstream sporting opportunities for aborigine men and women, a few internationally significant aborigine athletes have emerged; most notably Billy Mills, a Native American athlete who won the 10, metres at the Olympics, Australian tennis star Evonne Goolagong, Canadian athlete Angela Chalmers, and Cathy Freeman, Australian winner of the women's metres at the Sydney Olympics of The press have largely portrayed these athletes as 'success stories', overcoming adversity to achieve sporting success.

However, such athletes have had to tread a delicate path between conforming to 'white' or mainstream expectations and thus being allowed to participate, receive government funding, etc. Participation in major sports events has provided the opportunity to make poignant political and social statements. While Cathy Freeman's actions and media portrayal bolstered the image of Australian national unity and harmony, the staging of the Olympics in Sydney allowed others to make more radical and critical statements.

There were complaints about the marginalization of Aborigines in the Sydney organizing and bidding committees, complaints over the portrayal of Aborigines in the Sydney bid, and a campaign which argued that state-perpetrated human rights abuses against Aborigines should effectively disqualify Australia from hosting the games. While few tangible concessions were won, the Games did provide the opportunity to raise awareness and make issues such as inequality and ingrained racism increasingly prominent.

Outside the mainstream, Eurocentric, sports system, the establishment of 'allaboriginal' sports and festivals e. Moreover, there are increasing movements towards 'international' sporting forums and events for indigenous populations the International Aboriginal Cup between indigenous Australians and Canadians, for instance.

However, those athletes integrated into, and successful within, 'mainstream' sport often feel alienated from these allaboriginal events because their assimilation has entailed a degree of distancing from their own culture. Ironically, at the same time they tend to feel alienated within mainstream sport due to the persistence of racism race. Rather than being respectful of these cultures, the use of such symbols tends to perpetuate a stereotype that unsympathetically evokes the history of violent persecution which aborigine communities have faced.

Such insensitivity is clearly likely to contribute to the social exclusion of aborigines in sport in particular, and in society more generally.

The vast majority of aerobics participants are female and while competitive and sport-like aerobics events exist sport, definition of , it is largely as part of the development of a broader fitness industry that sociologists of sport have analysed aerobics. Sociological focus has centred on the relevance of aerobics in terms of gender relations and the sociology of the body. For instance, though it is claimed that this group of activities served to promote more active images of femininity, through the use of lycra and 'figure hugging' clothing, it also fuelled the sexualization of the sporting female body.

Margaret MacNeil was perhaps the first social scientist to examine this type of physical activity, noting that the television production of aerobics e. Moreover, exercise classes, clothing and videos represented a commodification of feminine style. Females are 'sold' these narcissistic commodities via sexuality and glamour and through this process, which associates women more with appearance than performance, the view that sport is a male-appropriate and female-inappropriate activity is perpetuated.

Women seek to lose fat, and tone and shape their muscles to produce a slender, tight body in accordance with idealized images of the female figure. However, theorists largely agree that while women's increased participation in sport and sport-like activities such as aerobics is a positive development, there are considerable negative consequences of their increasing popularity.

Markula , for instance, argues that women wish to conform to the 'feminine ideal' but perceive its actualization to be impossible. The typical aerobics setting, in highly mirrored rooms, acts as a form of surveillance and control.

Aerobics thus becomes disciplinary discipline and restrictive. Consequently, aerobicizing women come to hate those very parts of their body which define them as women. The logical outcome of this, Markula argues, is that women come to hate looking like women. However, it is also important to note that research has increasingly shown that there is a clear contradiction between the dominant images associated with aerobics and the personal experiences of many women.

Rather than being oppressive, participating in aerobics classes provides a safe and sociable environment that is both pleasurable in itself, but may also enhance self-esteem. However, they are divided over the relative significance of agency and structure, and the relationship between the two. Some e. Others e. See macro-and micro-sociology. For instance, whilst the former might explain the deviant behaviour of elite athletes drug taking, violence, etc.

A third group of sociological theories e.

Category:Sports terminology

You might prefer to watch sports on TV or listen to live games on the radio. Not to worry, as all of the main English words are right here in one place, forming your essential guide to sports vocabulary. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. It is circular like a circle in shape and surrounded by seats for fans to sit. Athletics: N Athletics is the category for any track and field events, such as running long and short distance , throwing the javelin, long jump etc. My favorite events to watch during the Olympics are the athletics events.

The SAGE Dictionary of Sports Studies

The subcategories of this category are for articles on specific terms. For glossaries of terms, please place the glossaries in Category:Glossaries of sports and, if one exists, the sport-specific subcategory of Category:Sports terminology. Do not a create a sport-specific subcategory just to hold a lone glossary article it will just get up-merged again at WP:CFD.

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Culture and Sport

Lexicon of Snowboarding Terms Transworld's dictionary of snowboarding words. Search by word or by first letter of the word. But sometimes the lingo is not. Archery Glossary HickokSports. Glossary of Terms World's first dedicated running music and jogging music website made to improve your performance and enjoyment. Glossary of Gaelic games terms The following is an alphabetical list of terms and jargon used in relation to Gaelic games.

Sports , physical contests pursued for the goals and challenges they entail. Sports are part of every culture past and present, but each culture has its own definition of sports. The most useful definitions are those that clarify the relationship of sports to play , games, and contests. Play is autotelic—that is, it has its own goals.

Therefore we have compiled Sport Term Explanatory Dictionary, in which is advantage 1. in some team ball games one option for decision open to the referee.

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Hey I am Ramandeep Singh. Do you want me to help you? Login Sign Up. Sports terms are one of the most common questions asked in IBPS and other recruitment exams. In almost every exam at least 1 question is asked about sports terms. You just need to go through all these terms once to answer the questions correctly. Read previous posts about Banking terms and Financial terms.

ГЛАВА 116 - Читайте, мистер Беккер! - скомандовал Фонтейн. Джабба сидел весь потный, положив руки на клавиатуру. - Да, да, - сказал он, - читайте эту благословенную надпись. Сьюзан стояла рядом, у нее подгибались колени и пылали щеки. Все в комнате оставили свои занятия и смотрели на огромный экран и на Дэвида Беккера. Профессор вертел кольцо в пальцах и изучал надпись. - Читайте медленно и точно! - приказал Джабба.

Sports Vocabulary Word List

Беккер знал лишь, что немец был с рыжеволосой спутницей, а в Испании это само по себе большая редкость.

 Господи Иисусе, - простонал Стратмор.  - Ну прямо цирк.  - Он провел рукой по подбородку, на котором темнела полуторасуточная щетина.  - А что Следопыт. Я сижу у себя точно на раскаленных углях.

Соши даже подпрыгнула. - Да. Совершенно верно.

Ты знала об. Сьюзан посмотрела на него, стараясь не показать свое изумление. - Неужели. - Да. После того как я вскрыл алгоритм Попрыгунчика, он написал мне, что мы с ним братья по борьбе за неприкосновенность частной переписки.

 Demasiado temperano. Слишком рано.

4 Response
  1. Gradasso G.

    Nov 3, - Download the Book:Dictionary Of Sports And Games Terminology PDF For Free, Preface: The specialized jargon of some sports can be quite.

  2. Dingditercomp

    PDF | Modern sports and their terminologies in European and other Görlach (​, xix) in his dictionary places sports terms in the category of. the most the game, although the vernacular term kopaná (combining the verbal basis kopat, '​to.

  3. Neandro S.

    Young people generally are often portrayed as being full of ambitions and hopes for the world and, therefore, important drivers of cultural change.

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