Brief History Of Jammu And Kashmir Pdf

File Name: brief history of jammu and kashmir .zip
Size: 10667Kb
Published: 30.05.2021

The history of Kashmir is intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of Central Asia , South Asia and East Asia. Historically, Kashmir referred to the Kashmir Valley.

Jammu and Kashmir , union territory of India until October 31, , a state , located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. The territory is part of the larger region of Kashmir , which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan , and China since the partition of the subcontinent in Legislation passed in August set the stage for downgrading Jammu and Kashmir from statehood to union territory status and splitting off a part of it, known as the Ladakh region, into a separate union territory. The change went into effect on October 31 of that year, though several court cases affecting its status remained pending. The information that follows describes the former state of Jammu and Kashmir, including the Ladakh region.

Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir , union territory of India until October 31, , a state , located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. The territory is part of the larger region of Kashmir , which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan , and China since the partition of the subcontinent in Legislation passed in August set the stage for downgrading Jammu and Kashmir from statehood to union territory status and splitting off a part of it, known as the Ladakh region, into a separate union territory. The change went into effect on October 31 of that year, though several court cases affecting its status remained pending. The information that follows describes the former state of Jammu and Kashmir, including the Ladakh region. Jammu and Kashmir, formerly one of the largest princely states of India, is bounded to the northeast by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang China , to the east by the Tibet Autonomous Region China and the Chinese-administered portions of Kashmir, to the south by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab , to the southwest by Pakistan, and to the northwest by the Pakistani-administered portion of Kashmir. The administrative capitals are Srinagar in summer and Jammu in winter.

Kashmir has history of years, intermittently ruled by outsiders. The history of Kashmir is mainly divided into four periods:. Shah Mir ascended the throne under the name of Sultan Shamasud-din, and his dynasty ruled the state for years. Firishta records that he persecuted the Hindus and issued orders prohibiting the residence of any other than Muslims in Kashmir. He also ordered the breaking of all golden and silver images.

These are the core obsessions that drive our newsroom—defining topics of seismic importance to the global economy. Our emails are made to shine in your inbox, with something fresh every morning, afternoon, and weekend. Those against this provision, Article , have argued that all three parts of the state—the Muslim-dominated Kashmir valley, the Hindu-majority Jammu, and Ladakh, which has considerable Buddhist presence—should not have laws independent of the Indian constitution. The Quit Kashmir movement against the maharaja is launched. August India gains independence from the British empire, Pakistan is created as a Muslim-majority country. Indian home minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel works to convince the undecided princely states to join India; Maharaja Hari Singh signs a standstill agreement with Pakistan , effectively opting for status quo. He reaches out to prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Patel who agree to send troops on the condition that the maharaja signs an instrument of accession IoA in favour of India pdf , handing over control of defence, foreign affairs, and communication.

History of Kashmir

Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian States in India. Pages

The history of Kashmir is intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of Central Asia , South Asia and East Asia. Historically, Kashmir referred to the Kashmir Valley. In the first half of the 1st millennium, the Kashmir region became an important centre of Hinduism and later of Buddhism; later in the ninth century, Shaivism arose. Islamization in Kashmir took place during 13th to 15th century and led to the eventual decline of the Kashmir Shaivism in Kashmir. However, the achievements of the previous civilizations were not lost. For the next five centuries, Muslim monarchs ruled Kashmir, including the Mughal Empire , who ruled from until , and the Afghan Durrani Empire , which ruled from until That year, the Sikhs , under Ranjit Singh , annexed Kashmir.


3 Brief History. C hapter. III. 3 The First Three Maharajas. C hapter. IV. 4 Modern benbakerbooks.org Kashmir. IlLUSTRATIONS. r Territorial Map of Jammu and Kashmir.


Jammu and Kashmir (princely state)

At the time of the partition of India and the political integration of India , Hari Singh , the ruler of the state, delayed making a decision about the future of his state. However, an uprising in the western districts of the state followed by an attack by raiders from the neighbouring Northwest Frontier Province , supported by Pakistan, forced his hand. On 26 October , Hari Singh acceded to India in return for the Indian military being airlifted to Kashmir to engage the Pakistan-supported forces, starting the Kashmir conflict [4] The western and northern districts presently known as Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan passed to the control of Pakistan, while the remaining territory remained under Indian control as the Indian-administered union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. There is a fringe of level land along the Punjab frontier, bordered by a plinth of low hilly country sparsely wooded, broken, and irregular.

Jammu district derives its name from the city of Jammu which besides being the winter capital of the state, is known as the city of temples. It is believed that the city was originally founded by Raja Jamboo Lochan who lived in fourteenth century B. The Raja had gone out one day for hunting when he happened to witness a tiger and a goat drinking water from one and the same pond. This extraordinary phenomenon set him thinking and he decided to build a city at this site so that the strong and weak could live together in peace and mutual tolerance.

History of Kashmir

History of Kashmir

This book presents documents on the five-month long negotiations which preceded its enactment on 17 October It explains the significance of the article, describes how it was eroded, and traces the Constitutional evolution of the State and its relationship with the Union of India thereafter. It covers the period from to Forgot password?

At the time of the partition of India and the political integration of India , Hari Singh , the ruler of the state, delayed making a decision about the future of his state. However, an uprising in the western districts of the state followed by an attack by raiders from the neighbouring Northwest Frontier Province , supported by Pakistan, forced his hand. On 26 October , Hari Singh acceded to India in return for the Indian military being airlifted to Kashmir to engage the Pakistan-supported forces, starting the Kashmir conflict [4] The western and northern districts presently known as Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan passed to the control of Pakistan, while the remaining territory remained under Indian control as the Indian-administered union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. There is a fringe of level land along the Punjab frontier, bordered by a plinth of low hilly country sparsely wooded, broken, and irregular.


Kashmir to Gulab Singh Dogra, the ruler of Jammu, but in real sense gifted to Kashmir; a crucial and ubiquitous factor in Kashmir's history which was. bound to​.


After Pashtun tribesmen Muslims from neighboring Waziristan, Pakistan invaded Jammu and Kashmir beginning on October 20, , Maharaja Hari Singh requested military assistance from the government of India. Pakistani government troops provide support for the Pashtun tribesment beginning on October 23, Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah was appointed as prime minister of an interim government in the state of Jammu and Kashmir by Maharaja Hari Singh on March 5, Some 8, individuals were killed, and some 1.

 - Где .

3 Response

Leave a Reply