File Name: meaning and measurement of economic development .zip
Economic development is the process of improving economic welfare in an economy.
In the economic study of the public sector , economic and social development is the process by which the economic well-being and quality of life of a nation, region, local community, or an individual are improved according to targeted goals and objectives. The term has been used frequently in the 20th and 21st centuries, but the concept has existed in the West for far longer. Whereas economic development is a policy intervention aiming to improve the well-being of people, economic growth is a phenomenon of market productivity and increases in GDP ; economist Amartya Sen describes economic growth as but "one aspect of the process of economic development".
Economic growth is an increase in the production of goods and services over a specific period. To be most accurate, the measurement must remove the effects of inflation. Economic growth creates more profit for businesses. As a result, stock prices rise. As more jobs are created, incomes rise.
This paper presents a new analytical framework for assessing spatial disparities among countries. Furthermore, an exploration of the trajectory that each country has registered over time along a virtuous path will be offered. One of the most interesting conclusions concerns the inability of most countries to turn the higher educational skills of the population into greater economic performance over time. In addition, our analysis also shows that making an accurate picture record and formulating related policy aiming at environmental care is highly desirable. It is surprising that only a few countries have reached a favourable economic and environmental performance simultaneously. This publication addresses the hypothesis that GNP or GDP per capita cannot be considered as the only indicator of the performance of a country because it does not capture the overall well-being of population.
Though there are several criteria or principles to measure the economic development, yet none provides a satisfactory and universally acceptable index of economic development. But more commonly used criteria of economic development are increase in national income, per capita real income, comparative concept, standard of living and economic welfare of the community etc. There is a group of certain economists which maintains the growth of national income should be considered most suitable index of economic development. Samuelson, Pigon and Kuznets who favored this method as a basis for measuring economic development. For this purpose, net national product NNP is preferred to gross national product GNP as it gives a better idea about the progress of a nation. According to Prof. Similarly, Prof.
As economic growth and economic development work on different areas of the economy, their respective progress is measured in different ways. Measuring economic growth and development comes with unique criteria for each. Below, we explore how each process is measured to determine accurate results and measuring the growth of an economy, as well as how to measure the intangible factors that are related to economic development. The Gross Domestic Product GDP is a measure of the market value of goods and services provided by a country over a period of time, often one year or one quarter. The GDP is calculated by estimating the gross output of goods and services by the country, and subtracting the intermediate consumption the cost of materials and services used to produce the goods or services sold. Growth is not indicated by the GDP itself, but rather growth is determined by the percentage in increase of the GDP from one time period to another. Just measuring nominal GDP does not take into account income made by foreigners in a country or income made by citizens in other countries.
Production is usually measured by gross national product (GNP) or gross national income (GNI), used interchangeably, an economy's total output of goods and services. Economic development refers to economic growth accompanied by changes in output distribution and economic structure.
Measurement of Economic Development
Development: an analysis of concepts, measurement and indicators. Jair Soares Jr. Quintella II. I E-mail address: jairsoaresjr yahoo.
- Всю статистику по работе ТРАНСТЕКСТА, все данные о мутациях. Ты займешься Третьим узлом. Сотрешь всю электронную почту Хейла. Все, что относится к его переписке с Танкадо, где упоминается Цифровая крепость.
Сьюзан поспешила за ним, пытаясь увидеть его силуэт.
Indicators of development
На маршруте двадцать семь их отсоединяют. - Панк снова сплюнул в проход. - Чтоб мы не надоедали. - Значит, я не могу сойти. Парень захохотал.
Это не так важно, - горделиво заявил Клушар. - Мою колонку перепечатывают в Соединенных Штатах, у меня отличный английский. - Мне говорили, - улыбнулся Беккер. Он присел на край койки. - Теперь, мистер Клушар, позвольте спросить, почему такой человек, как вы, оказался в таком месте.
На экране промелькнула внутренняя часть мини-автобуса, и перед глазами присутствующих предстали два безжизненных тела у задней двери. Один из мужчин был крупного телосложения, в очках в тонкой металлической оправе с разбитыми стеклами. Второй - молодой темноволосый, в окровавленной рубашке.
Но Чатрукьян отказывался прислушаться к голосу разума. У нас вирус. Я звоню Джаббе.