God And The Fascists Pdf

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Clerical fascism also clero-fascism or clerico-fascism is an ideology that combines the political and economic doctrines of fascism with clericalism. The term has been used to describe organizations and movements that combine religious elements with fascism, receive support from religious organizations which espouse sympathy for fascism, or fascist regimes in which clergy play a leading role. Sturzo made a distinction between the "filofascists", who left the Catholic PPI in and , and the "clerical fascists" who stayed in the party after the March on Rome , advocating collaboration with the fascist government.

Christian fascism denotes the intersection between fascism and Christianity and it also encompasses the fascistic, totalitarian , and imperialistic aspects of the Christian church. Tom Faw Driver, the Paul Tillich Professor Emeritus at Union Theological Seminary , expressed concern "that the worship of God in Christ not divide Christian from Jew, man from woman, clergy from laity, white from black, or rich from poor".

At the dawn of the Third Millennium b. The significance of this document c. At the service of the full truth about man d.

Transatlantic Fascism: Ideology, Violence, and the Sacred in Argentina and Italy, 1919-1945

It is with deep anxiety and growing surprise that We have long been following the painful trials of the Church and the increasing vexations which afflict those who have remained loyal in heart and action in the midst of a people that once received from St. Boniface the bright message and the Gospel of Christ and God's Kingdom. And what the representatives of the venerable episcopate, who visited Us in Our sick room, had to tell Us, in truth and duty bound, has not modified Our feelings. To consoling and edifying information on the stand the Faithful are making for their Faith, they considered themselves bound, in spite of efforts to judge with moderation and in spite of their own patriotic love, to add reports of things hard and unpleasant. After hearing their account, We could, in grateful acknowledgment to God, exclaim with the Apostle of love: "I have no greater grace than this, to hear that my children walk in truth" John iii. But the frankness indifferent in Our Apostolic charge and the determination to place before the Christian world the truth in all its reality, prompt Us to add: "Our pastoral heart knows no deeper pain, no disappointment more bitter, than to learn that many are straying from the path of truth. When, in , We consented, Venerable Brethren, to open negotiations for a concordat, which the Reich Government proposed on the basis of a scheme of several years' standing; and when, to your unanimous satisfaction, We concluded the negotiations by a solemn treaty, We were prompted by the desire, as it behooved Us, to secure for Germany the freedom of the Church's beneficent mission and the salvation of the souls in her care, as well as by the sincere wish to render the German people a service essential for its peaceful development and prosperity.

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A Fascist Century pp Cite as. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available.

God and the Fascists: The Vatican Alliance with Mussolini, Franco, Hitler, and Pavelic

There were some people, he said, who argued that the state should be all-powerful — "totalitarian". Such an idea, he went on, was absurd, not because individual liberty was too precious to be surrendered, but because "if there is a totalitarian regime — in fact and by right — it is the regime of the church, because man belongs totally to the church". And to be antisemitic was not to be unchristian. The Pope told Mussolini that the church had long seen the need to "rein in the children of Israel" and to take "protective measures against their evil-doing". The Vatican and the fascist regime had many differences, but this they had in common. But Kertzer describes something more fundamental than a church leader's strategic decision to protect his own flock rather than to speak up in defence of others. Pius XI — formerly Achille Ratti, librarian, mountain-climber and admirer of Mark Twain — was elected Pope in February , eight months before Mussolini bullied his way to the Italian premiership.

There were some people, he said, who argued that the state should be all-powerful — "totalitarian". Such an idea, he went on, was absurd, not because individual liberty was too precious to be surrendered, but because "if there is a totalitarian regime — in fact and by right — it is the regime of the church, because man belongs totally to the church". And to be antisemitic was not to be unchristian. The Pope told Mussolini that the church had long seen the need to "rein in the children of Israel" and to take "protective measures against their evil-doing". The Vatican and the fascist regime had many differences, but this they had in common. But Kertzer describes something more fundamental than a church leader's strategic decision to protect his own flock rather than to speak up in defence of others. Pius XI — formerly Achille Ratti, librarian, mountain-climber and admirer of Mark Twain — was elected Pope in February , eight months before Mussolini bullied his way to the Italian premiership.

Christian fascism

This essay aims to analyze how the myth of Rome was used by Mussolini to create a fascist specificity that coincided with a specificity of the Italian nation. Ritual practices, gestures, values and symbols were retaken, sometimes arbitrarily, in order to build a myth that generated new ambiguities and that, different from Nazism, constituted a hindrance to the survival of "romanity" after Mussolini. The myth of Rome was used by Mussolini, with a multiplicity of positive references, even before the fascist movement became a party. The adoption of Roman symbols and rites, such as the fascio littorio, the salute with the outstretched hand and the rhythmical march, made it possible to effectively qualify a fascist specialty, but presenting it, at the same time, as a specificity of the nation.

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It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. The FUCI is highly significant to the study of Catholic politics and intellectual ideas, as a large proportion of the future Christian Democrats who ruled the country after World War II were formed within the ranks of the federation. In broader terms, this is a contribution to the historiography of Fascist Italy and of Catholic politics and mentalities in Europe in the mid- twentieth century.

This violent division of Spain is a useful example of political extremism and its unfortunate consequences, especially considering the divided condition of American and European politics today.

I am no longer human. I am a Titan. A god!

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As Finchelstein explains, nacionalismo , the right-wing ideology that developed in Argentina, was not the wholesale imitation of Italian fascism that Mussolini wished it to be. Transatlantic Fascism shows how right-wing groups constructed a distinctive Argentine fascism by appropriating some elements of the Italian model and rejecting others. It reveals the specifically local ways that a global ideology such as fascism crossed national borders. Transnational Fascism pp. The Argentine Road to Fascism pp.


God and the Fascists: The Vatican Alliance with Mussolini, Franco, Hitler, and Pavelic – October 8, by Karlheinz Deschner.