File Name: devaluation and the pay of comparable male and female occupations .zip
Gender Roles in the Future?
- Worth Less?: Why Men (and Women) Devalue Care-Oriented Careers
- The gender pay gap in the USA: a matching study
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- The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?
This report examines the trend in the male-female wage gap and the explanations offered for its existence.
Report Wages, Incomes, and Wealth. Download PDF. Press release. What this report finds: Women are paid 79 cents for every dollar paid to men—despite the fact that over the last several decades millions more women have joined the workforce and made huge gains in their educational attainment. Too often it is assumed that this pay gap is not evidence of discrimination, but is instead a statistical artifact of failing to adjust for factors that could drive earnings differences between men and women.
Worth Less?: Why Men (and Women) Devalue Care-Oriented Careers
In the present research, we applied a goal-congruity perspective — the proposition that men and women seek out roles that afford their internalized values Diekman et al. Our first goal was to test the hypothesis that men, relative to women, are less interested in pursuing HEED careers in part because they are less likely than women to endorse communal values. A second, more novel goal was to extend goal congruity theory to examine whether gender differences in communal values also predict the belief that HEED careers add worth to society and are deserving of higher salaries. Extending the theory, all three studies also documented a general tendency to see HEED as having relatively lower worth to society compared to STEM careers. In no instance, did agentic values better explain the gender difference in HEED interest or perceived worth. These findings have important implications for how we understand the value that society places on occupations typically occupied by women versus men.
One of the problems with this approach is the heterogeneity of the sample data. In order to address the difficulties of comparing like with like, this study uses a number of different matching techniques to obtain estimates of the gap. By controlling for a wide range of other influences, in effect, we estimate the direct effect of simply being female on wages. However, a number of other factors, such as parenthood, gender segregation, part-time working, and unionization, contribute to the gender wage gap. The literature has noted the existence of these interactions, but precise or systematic estimates of such effects remain scarce. The most innovative contribution of this study is to do that. Our findings imply that the idea of a single uniform gender pay gap is perhaps less useful than an understanding of how gender wages are shaped by multiple different forces.
The gender pay gap in the USA: a matching study
The doctrine mandates equal pay for jobs requiring comparable —but not equal—skill, effort and responsibility. As a standard for determining whether sex discrimination in pay has occurred, comparable worth is an economically defective concept and inappropriate to the task. The comparable worth standard is based solely on job content, measured in terms of the internal characteristics of the work performed and conditions of work. This standard completely ignores external market forces which affect the supply of labor and the pay that employers must offer to attract and retain their workers. For example, although female workers receive only about 60 percent of the pay earned by their male counterparts, between two-thirds and three-quarters of this male-female differential in pay is associated with gender differences in the nature and availability of labor.
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Edgeworth worried about whether women should receive equal pay for equal work…. Gordon, et al.
Sourcebook of Labor Markets pp Cite as. In the United States, as in most nations, employed women earn less than men. In this chapter, we review evidence on trends in the sex gap in pay and the explanation for the pay gap.
His main research interests are in education and skills, ethnic and gender wage gaps, and the family. His current research interests include the impact of life course transitions on gender-based socio-economic inequality, differences in life outcomes by sexual identity, and the effect of early life course family structure on children's development. The gender segregation of occupations is an enduring feature of the labour market, and pay in female-dominated occupations remains lower than in male-dominated occupations. However, recent changes in the occupational structure have possibly altered the relationship between occupational segregation and the gender pay gap. We explore this premise using individual- and occupation-level Labour Force Survey and household panel data from Britain augmented with an innovative proxy indicator of productivity across occupations.
Заметано. - Ну вот и хорошо. Девушка, которую я ищу, может быть .
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?
Все. Не упустите. Даже клочка бумаги. - Где теперь это кольцо? - спросил Беккер. Лейтенант глубоко затянулся.
ВР! - крикнула Соши, усаживаясь за компьютер в задней части комнаты. На стене ожила связанная с компьютером диаграмма. Сьюзан рассеянно подняла на нее глаза, безучастная к царившему вокруг нее безумию. Все в комнате дружно повернули головы.
We find substantial evidence for the devaluation view, but only scant evidence for the employers about the relative pay of “male” and “female” occupations are a ected ideas are similar, we will refer to both as queuing.
Я не собираюсь оплачивать твое пристрастие к наркотикам, если речь идет об. - Я хочу вернуться домой, - сказала блондинка. - Не поможете .