Similarities Between John And The Synoptic Gospels Pdf

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In this present article we wish to consider the Gospel of John in comparison to the three Synoptic Gospels, considering their similarities and their differences. Then we will seek to come to an understanding as to how they relate to one another. These similarities may also be supplemented by a number of isolated words spoken by Jesus and others, recorded both in John as well as in the Synoptics. Yet the whole of this common material contains very little verbal agreement when John is compared with the Synoptics; unlike the verbal agreement that is found among the Synoptics themselves when they quote the words of Jesus and others. In common with the Synoptics, John records samples of both healing and nature miracles, although John treats them differently from the Synoptics.

The uniqueness of John's Gospel

In this present article we wish to consider the Gospel of John in comparison to the three Synoptic Gospels, considering their similarities and their differences. Then we will seek to come to an understanding as to how they relate to one another.

These similarities may also be supplemented by a number of isolated words spoken by Jesus and others, recorded both in John as well as in the Synoptics. Yet the whole of this common material contains very little verbal agreement when John is compared with the Synoptics; unlike the verbal agreement that is found among the Synoptics themselves when they quote the words of Jesus and others.

In common with the Synoptics, John records samples of both healing and nature miracles, although John treats them differently from the Synoptics. Moreover, John records some Galilean material in common with the Synoptics, although he concentrates on the Jerusalem ministry D. Guthrie, p. The first type of difference between John and the Synoptics is what may be called significant omissions. In John much of the teaching comes out in debates with opponents or in intimate contact with the disciples E.

Harrison, p. Perhaps the best explanation of this phenomenon is given by D. Father, save me from this hour.

But for this cause I came to this hour. A second type of difference to be found when John is compared to the Synoptics is that of significant additions. Why is there so much new material introduced? Once again, D. In keeping with that purpose, John has inserted this material not found in the Synoptics. His discourses with Nicodemus and the Samaritan woman serve to expound the doctrines of regeneration and true spiritual worship.

The healing of the paralytic affords Jesus the opportunity to bear witness to the fact that He is the Son of God who is Lord of the Sabbath.

There seems to be no true difficulty here; in all likelihood there were two occasions on which Jesus cleansed the temple. Furthermore, there are in fact many incidental details that suggest a much longer period than one year. Moreover, there are some obvious gaps in the Synoptic narratives, particularly in relation to the Judean ministry. It is not impossible to regard both the Synoptics and Johannine accounts as complementary in this matter D. With regard to the dating of the anointing at Bethany, we may consider the following information that has bearing on our understanding of how to reconcile John and the Synoptics at this point.

John, on the other hand, informs us that the anointing at Bethany occurred six days before the Passover There is, however, no true contradiction between these accounts. Some scholars have sought the solution to this dating problem in the fact that there was more than one calendar in use during this period of Jewish history.

To quote Leon Morris p. Morgenstern in a series of articles in the Hebrew Union College Annual has argued that there were three different calendars in use in biblical times.

This does not help us in our particular difficulty, but it reinforces the evidence for the use of differing calendars during the period under consideration. I do not see how with our present knowledge we can be dogmatic.

But on the whole it seems to me most probable that the explanation is to be found in calendrical confusion. But perhaps the solution is to be found in a different place, namely, the biblical concept of type and anti-type. John, on the other hand, is focusing upon the true anti-type of the Old Testament Passover, that being none other than the crucifixion of our Lord Jesus Christ. Riesenfeld and others have pointed out that any teacher in antiquity had what we might call his public teaching, striking sayings that he caused his disciples to commit to memory, this comprised the body of oral teaching that was not expected to be altered in transmission, L.

Morris, p. It is suggested that behind the Synoptic Gospels there lies the public teaching of Jesus, whereas the Gospel of John gives us His informal teaching as He taught His disciples in a private setting as well as His equally informal encounters with His enemies L. According to M. Tenney p. For instance, in the account of the Last Supper, John described the foot-washing scene and explained how Jesus wished to provide an object lesson in humility for the disciples.

Luke, for his part, tells how the disciples were arguing among themselves as to which of them was the greatest Lk. The two accounts thus interlock, and one may speculate whether John was not explaining how Jesus met the situation Luke described. Guthrie p. Moreover, John often avoids unnecessary duplications, so that it would seem he assumes his readers will be acquainted with the Synoptic records. Harrison, Everett F. Eerdmans Publishing Co. Macleod, A. Tenney, Merrill C.

Donald F. Ritsman BibleStudyCourses. Free online guides to help you study the Bible. Old Testament. John and the Synoptic Gospels. Differences Between John and the Synoptic Gospels The first type of difference between John and the Synoptics is what may be called significant omissions.

John Bible Study Courses Section 1.

John and the Synoptic Gospels

The earliest Christians did not have any written records of the life and teachings of Jesus. During the course of Jesus' public ministry, no one felt the need to make a written account of what Jesus did or what he said. Those who were close to him could pass to others what they remembered about him. Those who looked upon him as the Messiah believed that he would soon inaugurate a new kingdom; all that was necessary to know about him could be remembered until that time. They were, of course, sorely disappointed when he was put to death on the cross, for it seemed as though his cause was lost.

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The Similarities and Differences between John and the Synoptic Gospels

The task of bringing out the similarities and differences of the Gospel of John in relation to the synoptic Gospels is a very complex task. Many scholars have undertaken this task and expounded the reasons behind the similarities and differences between the fourth Gospels and synoptic Gospels. Has John depended on the Synoptic Gospels or on any other sources in composing his Gospel? Is there any probable explanation other than these two theories.

The Gospel of John is the last in the Gospel series, but it is renowned for its distinctiveness. Widely accepted as having been authored by John one of the sons of Zebedee , its estimated date of writing has been set at 85 A. D or even later Barker, Nevertheless, its genre determines that like the others, it too focuses on the life and ministry of Jesus Christ.

There is a lot of overlap, repetition and even some parallel passages that are nearly identical. Generally speaking, the synoptics tell us what Jesus said and did; John tells us who Jesus is. The synoptics focus on the signs and sayings of Christ; John emphasizes the identity of Christ.

The Gospel of John is the last in the Gospel series, but it is renowned for its distinctiveness. Widely accepted as having been authored by John one of the sons of Zebedee , its estimated date of writing has been set at 85 A.

The Synoptic tradition wrestles early on with the human lineage of Jesus. The entire prologue , functions like an overture to an opera, as John touches on themes that will be developed later in the book. John also connects the ministry of Jesus to the Jewish Calendar, with its various festivals, as Jesus is seen to visit Judea over a three-year period, in contrast to the one-time visit to Jerusalem as an adult Palm Sunday , described in the Synoptics. Jesus teaches in long discourses in John, but not using many parables.

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Three Ways John is Different from the Synoptic Gospels (and three ways it’s similar)
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