File Name: effectof e wa te on environment and human health .zip
J Toxicol Risk Assess
- E-waste hazard: The impending challenge
- 3 Scary Effects of E-waste on the Environment and Human Health
- E-Waste & its Negative Effects on the Environment
- Cleaning Up Electronic Waste (E-Waste)
A few questions to consider: do you still watch movies from a VCR player? More than likely, no.
Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices. Used electronics which are destined for refurbishment, reuse, resale, salvage recycling through material recovery, or disposal are also considered e-waste. Informal processing of e-waste in developing countries can lead to adverse human health effects and environmental pollution. Electronic scrap components, such as CPUs , contain potentially harmful materials such as lead , cadmium , beryllium , or brominated flame retardants. Recycling and disposal of e-waste may involve significant risk to health of workers and their communities.
E-waste hazard: The impending challenge
Journal of Health and Pollution 1 June ; 9 22 : Environmental impacts from informal e-waste recycling are increasing in Africa. Most of these compounds are endocrine disrupters, and most are neuro- and immune-toxic as well. Informal e-waste recycling in African countries is a serious public health threat. The present paper reviews the extent of e-waste exposure in Africa and related impacts on people, animals and the environment. Elevated levels of e-waste pollutants in water, air, soil, dust, fish, vegetable, and human matrices blood, urine, breast milk indicate that not only are e-waste workers at risk from exposure to e-waste, but the general population and future generations as well. Headache, cough and chest pain, stomach discomfort, miscarriage, abnormal thyroid and reproductive function, reduction of gonadal hormone, and cancer are common complaints of those involved with the processing of e-waste.
Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Electronic waste or e-waste is one of the rapidly growing problems of the world. E-waste comprises of a multitude of components, some containing toxic substances that can have an adverse impact on human health and the environment if not handled properly. In India, e-waste management assumes greater significance not only due to the generation of its own e-waste but also because of the dumping of e-waste from developed countries. This is coupled with India's lack of appropriate infrastructure and procedures for its disposal and recycling. This review article provides a concise overview of India's current e-waste scenario, namely magnitude of the problem, environmental and health hazards, current disposal and recycling operations, existing legal framework, organizations working on this issue and recommendations for action. The production of electrical and electronic equipment EEE is one of the fastest growing global manufacturing activities.
3 Scary Effects of E-waste on the Environment and Human Health
Journal of Health and Pollution 1 September ; 7 15 : 1—7. Monumental progress has been made in the area of information and communication technology, leading to a tremendous increase in use of electronic equipment, especially computers and mobile phones. The expansion of production and consumption of electronic equipment along with its shorter life span has led to the generation of tremendous amounts of electronic waste e-waste. In addition, there is a high level of trans-boundary movement of these devices as second-hand electronic equipment from developed countries, in the name of bridging the digital gap. This paper reviews e-waste produced in India, its sources, composition, current management practices and their environmental and health implications. Fixing responsibility for waste disposal on producers, establishment of formal recycling facilities, and strict enforcement of legislation on e-waste are some of the options to address this rapidly growing problem. The exponential growth in production and consumption of electronic equipment has resulted in a surge of e-waste generation.
PDF | Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE or E-waste) generation is identified as E-Waste Recycling Environmental and Health Impacts The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) regards.
E-Waste & its Negative Effects on the Environment
E-waste, also known as electronic waste , has come under attack in recent years due to its negative effects on the environment and human health. E-waste is often considered an overlooked epidemic, as the long-term impact of this waste is still unclear. Still, many e-waste recycling centers have been created in recent years in an effort to protect humans and the planet.
Some of the work undertaken by UNU-Step included tracking global flows of e-waste, the Person-in-the-Port project in Nigeria, optimization of an e-waste dismantling facility in Ethiopia and the development of a tool to help gather information on volumes of e-waste generated within countries and exported to others. Managing the e-waste created by an increasing amount of computer and telecommunication equipment is important to the Ethiopian government, and many international partners have worked in Ethiopia to help address this concern. The project also strengthened the capacity of a demanufacturing facility to process e-waste in Addis Ababa. EPA served as an international advisor to an Ethiopian working group on e-waste management during the course of this work.
Electronic and electric waste e-waste , defined as end-of-life electronic products, including computers, television sets, mobile phones, transformers, capacitors, wires and cables, are a major global environmental concern. The crude recycling of e-waste releases persistent toxic substances, such as heavy metals, polybrominated diphenyl ethers PBDEs , polychlorinated dibenzodioxins PCDDs , polychlorinated dibenzofurans PCDFs , polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs and polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs , and the environmental pollution and health risks caused by the improper disposal of e-waste has become an urgent issue. This book offers an overview of e-waste history, sources, and entry routes in soil, air, water and sediment. It also addresses e-waste transport and fate, bioavailability and biomonitoring, e-waste risk assessment, impacts on the environment and public health. In addition, it discusses the impact of e-waste on soil microbial community diversity, structure and function and reviews the treatment and management strategies, such as bioremediation and phytoremediation, as well as policies and future challenges.
Пуля ударила в асфальт в нескольких метрах позади. Беккер оглянулся. Убийца целился, высунувшись из окна.
Cleaning Up Electronic Waste (E-Waste)
- Вы не видели девушку. Пожилой уборщик наклонился и выключил мотор. - Eh. - Una nina? - повторил Беккер.
Коммандер, - вмешалась Сьюзан, - я хотела бы поговорить… Стратмор жестом заставил ее замолчать. Глаза его неотрывно смотрели на Чатрукьяна. - В него попал зараженный файл, сэр. Я абсолютно в этом уверен. Лицо Стратмора побагровело.
98 | Page. Effect of Electronic waste on Environmental & Human health- A. Review these materials pose a threat to human health and environment. Its toxic Available:benbakerbooks.orgEWaste_publication_scren.
Environmental Occurrence and Treatment Technologies
Сьюзан трудно было поверить в такое удачное совпадение. - Его погубило слабое сердце - вот так. Слишком уж удобная версия. Стратмор пожал плечами. - Слабое сердце… да к тому же еще испанская жара. Не забывай и о сильнейшем стрессе, связанном с попыткой шантажировать наше агентство… Сьюзан замолчала. Какими бы ни были обстоятельства, она почувствовала боль от потери талантливого коллеги-криптографа.
Но все же кто. Беккер держался своей легенды: - Я из севильской полиции. Росио угрожающе приблизилась.
Его любимым развлечением было подключаться к ее компьютеру, якобы для того, чтобы проверить совместимость оборудования. Сьюзан это выводило из себя, однако она была слишком самолюбива, чтобы пожаловаться на него Стратмору. Проще было его игнорировать. Хейл подошел к буфету, с грохотом открыл решетчатую дверцу, достал из холодильника пластиковую упаковку тофу, соевого творога, и сунул в рот несколько кусочков белой студенистой массы.