File Name: non-white immigration and the white australia policy .zip
- Australia’s Minor Concessions to Japanese Citizens under the White Australia Policy
- Journal of Chinese Overseas
- What was the White Australia Policy, and how does it still affect us now?
- Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government
Australia’s Minor Concessions to Japanese Citizens under the White Australia Policy
Tomoko Horikawa The University of Sydney. This paper explores concessions made by Australian concerning Japanese immigration during the era of the White Australia Policy in the early twentieth century. As the major piece of legislation in the White Australia Policy, the act made it virtually impossible for non-Europeans to migrate to Australia. While the Commonwealth was determined to exclude Japanese permanent settlers, it sought ways to render the policy of exclusion less offensive to the Japanese. In the early s, two minor modifications to the Immigration Restriction Act were implemented in order to relax the restrictions imposed on Japanese citizens.
Journal of Chinese Overseas
Let us keep before us the noble idea of a white Australia—snow-white Australia if you will. Let it be pure and spotless. Taken on 7 May , this is a photograph of Federation street celebrations in Melbourne. Onlookers observe a carriage transporting Chinese dignitaries along a crowded Swanston Street festooned with flags, lanterns and other street decorations. The featured Chinese arch, comprising two pagoda-style tiered towers, had been recently erected to celebrate the arrival of the Duke and Duchess of York to Melbourne.
An Act to place certain restrictions on Immigration and to provide for the removal from the Commonwealth of prohibited Immigrants. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Immigration Restriction Act In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears,—. Prohibited immigrants. See Natal Act , No. The immigration into the Commonwealth of the persons described in any of the following paragraphs of this section hereinafter called "prohibited immigrants" is prohibited, namely:—.
What was the White Australia Policy, and how does it still affect us now?
Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews is giving a coronavirus update after the state records one new local case. Australia's political establishment was quick to denounce the explosive first speech of Katter's Australian Party senator Fraser Anning and his call for a return to immigration policies that would discriminate against non-Europeans and Muslims. Senator Anning lamented the loss of Australia's cross-party consensus which he said had "recognised the importance of our predominantly European identity", and laid blame for the demise of Australia's European-based immigration program on "the rise of [former prime minister Gough] Whitlam in the Labor party". Responding to the senator's speech he instead claimed credit for the Liberal Party, tweeting:.
Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government
Post-war mass migration, mostly from Europe, had a significant impact on the ethnic composition of the population. This ultimately pressured the government into recognition of cultural diversity and eventually in the early s through the proposition of a multicultural approach. In multiculturalism was officially introduced slowly becoming a defining national asset.
White Australia policy , formally Immigration Restriction Act of , in Australian history, fundamental legislation of the new Commonwealth of Australia that effectively stopped all non-European immigration into the country and that contributed to the development of a racially insulated white society. It reflected a long-standing and unifying sentiment of the various Australian colonies and remained a fundamental government policy into the midth century. The Australian colonies had passed restrictive legislation as early as the s. Fear of military invasion by Japan, the threat to the standard of living that was thought to be presented by the cheap but efficient Asian labourers, and white racism were the principal factors behind the White Australia movement. The desire for a coordinated immigration bar against nonwhites was a spur in the s toward Australian federation.
National Museum of Australia. On 23 December the Immigration Restriction Act came into law. It had been among the first pieces of legislation introduced to the newly formed federal parliament. The legislation was specifically designed to limit non-British migration to Australia. It represented the formal establishment of the White Australia policy.
While the sentiment has bipartisan support today, for more than half a century after Federation Australia boasted not of multiculturalism, but of its monoculture. The means of maintaining this racial and cultural homogeneity is loosely termed the White Australia policy. The 'White Australia' ideology was commercialised and used to sell things from soaps and games to pineapple slices. Multicultural Research Library. Immediately following Federation in , policies were designed to keep Australia white and British.
The White Australia policy is a term encapsulating a set of historical racial policies that aimed to forbid people of non-European ethnic origin, especially Asians and Pacific Islanders , from immigrating to Australia , starting in Subsequent governments of Australia progressively dismantled such policies between and Competition in the gold fields between European and Asian primarily Chinese miners, and labour-union opposition to the importation of Pacific Islanders primarily South Sea Islanders into the sugar plantations of Queensland , reinforced demands to eliminate or minimise low-wage immigration from Asia and the Pacific Islands.
More specifically, the argument put forward by Windschutte was that given the irreconcilability of the two opposing immigrant cultures hosted by Australia in the 19th century — one characterized by individualism, egalitarianism and mateship and embraced by white settlers freed from the tyrannies and privileges of Old Europe, and the other held by the Chinese with values deeply entrenched in servility and oriental despotism that remained unchanged for centuries — there was a case to be made. It unambiguously sets out to tackle such arguments and show how flawed and untrue they are by re-examining in detail the history of Chinese communities in Australia in the 19th century. In particular, he notes that the majority of Chinese arrivals at the time were not slaves but free men from villages in southern China in search of good fortunes on the goldfields. He spells out how the Yee Hing Yixing brotherhood, the fraternal network through which Chinese laborers were recruited to work in Australia, evolved from an underground secret society into a significant Chinese Masonic movement.
Стратмор был поражен до глубины души. Никто никогда не позволял себе говорить с заместителем директора АНБ в таком тоне. - Сьюзан, - проговорил он, стараясь сдержать раздражение, - в этом как раз все. Мне было нужно… Но тигрица уже изготовилась к прыжку.
Так какая разница. Повисла тишина. Фонтейн, видимо, размышлял. Сьюзан попробовала что-то сказать, но Джабба ее перебил: - Чего вы ждете, директор. Позвоните Танкадо.
Он увидел уборщика и подошел к .