Sports Injuries Their Prevention And Treatment Pdf

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Clinical guide to sports injuries

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See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Published on Apr 11, Sports injuries: 1 General principles 1 2 Injuries to musculoskeletal tissues 4 3 Mechanism and etiology of injuries 63 4 Sports and protective equipment 80 5 Principles of treatment 91 6 Shoulder and upper arm 7 Elbow 8 Forearm, wrist and hand 9 Back 10 Groin and thigh 11 Knee 12 Lower leg 13 Ankle 14 Foot 15 Head and trunk 16 Children and adolescents 17 Extreme environments 18 Specialized activities 19 General risk factors 20 Training and exercising 21 Rehabilitation SlideShare Explore Search You.

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Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Rejeesh Kumar , Assoc. Lubomir Toshev. Mohamed Ali , Student at medicine. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. No notes for slide. Sports injuries their prevention and treatment 3e 1. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1P 0LP.

Although every effort has been made to ensure that drug doses and other information are presented accurately in this publication, the ultimate responsibility rests with the prescribing physician. Neither the publishers nor the authors can be held responsible for errors or for any consequences arising from the use of information contained herein.

For detailed prescribing information or instructions on the use of any product or procedure discussed herein, please consult the prescribing information or instructional material issued by the manufacturer.

The second edition was published in and in the English language in the book was later translated into ten other languages and we have been told that ours is the most widely diffused book available on sports injuries.

This third edition is the result of several years of work, continuously not only updating and rewriting the text but also initiating the artwork and the photographs. There are, however, several people who have been very helpful and contributed to this book in their own way, and for this we are very grateful.

Great illustrations are of the greatest importance. Illustrations for the first edition were mainly down by Tommy Bolic Eriksson, for the second by Tommy Berglund, and for the third by Lennart Molin.

These excellent illustrators have fulfilled our intentions skillfully and with great imagination. Our friend Ole Roos has given us his support and professional help with the photographs in the book. His professional skills are gratefully acknowledged. Scott Lynch has helped us a lot with the work for this book and contributed with his expertise, especially in the hand and wrist chapters. Scott is a great orthopedic surgeon and we really appreciate his collaboration.

Denise Alosa has worked out the rehabilitation program and we are very grateful for the skillful work she has put in. We would like to thank our secretaries Carrie Plunkett, Burlington, Vermont, and Louise von Essen, Section of Sports Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, for their invaluable help in typing out the manuscripts for this book.

We would also like to thank Robert Peden of Martin Dunitz Publishers for his excellent scrutiny of the language and work on the editorial details. Robert has put much effort into the whole production process of this book, continually meeting with us and applying the necessary pressure. We would like to thank Martin Dunitz also for his great support and for taking on the publication of this book. We are happy that this book has caught the interest of so many people.

This book is based on and colored by our own philosophy and our personal experiences. We really do hope that you, as a reader, will enjoy it. Preface Millions of people of all ages participate in sports or are physically active in other ways. Around the world every day sports give a feeling of togetherness and social interaction as well as of well-being. Regular physical activity, exercise, training and sports can increase cardiovascular, metabolic and muscular functional capacity and help efforts to reduce risk factors for diseases: they thus play a favorable role in both primary and secondary prevention, as well as in therapy and rehabilitation.

Physical activity is beneficial for all the tissues in the body and can help reduce the risks of injury, especially for overuse injuries. Physical activity improves health in the following ways: it reduces the risks of dying from heart disease, or of developing diabetes, high blood pressure, or colon cancer; it also helps those who already have high blood pressure to reduce it, helps control weight, helps build and maintain healthy bones, muscles and joints, helps older adults become stronger and better able to move without falling, and promotes psychological well-being.

Being physically active is thus beneficial and essential for good health, which is of great value for the active individual as well as for society. Some contend that sports injuries and problems are very costly for society, so it should be pointed out that the cost to society of injuries in sports is very small compared to the health and social benefits generated by sports and physical activity.

There are, however, potential risks for injuries and other medical problems. With increased information about the value of physical activities and about how injuries can best be treated and prevented, the costs to society will decrease.

There is therefore a great need for sports medicine expertise and information. Hopefully, this book will fill an important role in spreading information about how most correctly to manage and prevent injuries in sports and physical activity. Introduction Sports medicine encompasses the following elements: preparation and training; prevention of injuries and illnesses; diagnosis and treatment of injuries and illnesses; and rehabilitation and return to physical activity and participation in sports.

This book deals mainly with the part of sports medicine focused on injuries, their prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation i. Preparation and training includes instruction in training methods, technique, dietary requirements, the abusive effects of drugs, alcohol and doping as a whole, as well as psychological preparations for competition.

This part is only briefly discussed in this book. The prevention of injuries in sports depends on being well prepared, but also on appropriate clothing and protection, good equipment, sensible rules, adequate facilities, regular health controls, and so on.

Diagnosis and treatment of injuries are the main bulk of orthopedic sports medicine. A correct diagnosis is a requirement for successful treatment. Serious acute injuries are generally treated adequately in the emergency departments. The subacute and chronic injuries present more of a problem to the coach, the trainer, or the physician. Injuries such as those from overuse of the tendons and bones, as well as articular cartilage injuries, are often difficult to diagnose and treat, and they are not always well understood.

Rehabilitation and return to sport often require teamwork involving the physician, the physical therapist, the trainer, and the athlete. Injuries heal at varying paces depending on what type of tissue is involved, but also on the severity and location. If the rehabilitation is to be successful, it is essential that the person in charge of treatment have a thorough knowledge of the healing process in the different tissues and also be familiar with the demands of the sports concerned.

Finally, sports medicine is a discipline involving many different medical specialties. The sports medicine doctor can be an orthopedic surgeon, a rehabilitation specialist, a family physician, a rheumatologist, or one of many other specialists.

In a few countries there are special education programs to become a sports medicine specialist. Every country has its own slightly different system, but it is to be hoped that in the long term there will be some kind of consensus in this area. Whatever the training, a good sports medicine doctor will be one familiar with the principles of sports medicine as outlined above, as well as with the demands of the different sports.

Glossary Note: Illustrations of anatomic terms are listed in italic in the Index. For simplification we divide injuries into traumatic injuries, caused by large forces macrotrauma , and overuse syndromes, caused by repetitive microtrauma.

Traumatic injuries Acute traumatic injuries are common in athletics and attract the most publicity and research. This is because the cause of the injury can be pinpointed, making it easier to define the injury and search for an appropriate treatment.

The frequency of traumatic injuries varies greatly between sports. Contact sports, such as soccer, ice hockey, team handball, wrestling, American football, and rugby, tend to have higher rates of traumatic injuries.

The cause and severity of a traumatic injury are usually obvious. The athlete will usually experience rapid onset of pain, and swelling will begin to develop but typically requires several hours to reach its maximum. For this reason, the best time to examine a traumatic injury is immediately after it has occurred, before the swelling makes the athlete unable to tolerate the pain associated with exploration of the injured area.

Initial control of swelling can contribute greatly to a quicker return to sport. Treatment principles are described in Chapter 5. Once these early interventions have been completed, an assessment is made as to whether further advice is needed from a doctor and appropriate action is taken. Overuse syndromes Overuse syndromes are difficult to diagnose and treat.

These injuries are becoming increasingly common as both participation in sport in general and the intensity and duration of training increase.

Overuse injuries are generally caused by repetitive overloading, resulting in microscopic injuries to the musculoskeletal system.

Sports injuries—their prevention and treatment

Arch Intern Med. Increased participation in sports has led to more sports injuries. Evidence-based methods to prevent sports injuries are needed. A systematic review was conducted of the effects of randomized controlled interventions to prevent sports injuries. A systematic search was performed of various databases and the reference lists of articles and reviews.

Sports Injury Prevention and Treatment Advice

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. This fascinating compendium of the mechanisms of sports injuries and methods for their prevention deals essentially with the emergency treatment of the acute injury on the field. It is not intended as a reference to treatment in depth, but the latter chapters do go into considerable detail in specific specialty areas. The chapters are mainly based on each major sport.

Martin Dunitz Ltd Although every effort has been made to ensure that all owners of copyright material have been acknowledged in this publication, we would be glad to acknowledge in subsequent reprints or editions any omissions brought to our attention. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1P 0LP. Although every effort has been made to ensure that drug doses and other information are presented accurately in this publication, the ultimate responsibility rests with the prescribing physician. Neither the publishers nor the authors can be held responsible for errors or for any consequences arising from the use of information contained herein.

Exercising is good for you, but sometimes you can injure yourself when you play sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices, or improper gear can cause them.

Publications

When possible, preventing a sport injury is better than having to recover from one. The best way to avoid injuries is to be physically and mentally prepared for your sport. The first step is learning about how to prevent injuries and following basic injury prevention advice. You'll also want to know what to do if you do get hurt—from treating an injury at home to knowing when it's time to see your doctor. To prevent overuse injuries, you'll want to avoid weekend warrior syndrome and balance training with adequate periods of rest. Here are some tips to get you started. If you suffer an acute injury , such as a strain or pulled muscle, immediately stop the activity.

Грег Хейл убил одного из младших сотрудников лаборатории систем безопасности и взял в заложники моего старшего криптографа. Если нужно, используйте против всех нас слезоточивый газ. Если мистер Хейл не образумится, снайперы должны быть готовы стрелять на поражение. Всю ответственность я беру на. Быстрее.

Solo el escroto. Он с трудом сдержал улыбку. - Только лишь мошонка. Офицер гордо кивнул: - Да.

 Не знаю. Все это выглядит довольно странно. - Думаешь, надо вернуть им отчет. Она посмотрела на него недовольно. В том, что касалось Мидж Милкен, существовали две вещи, которые никому не позволялось ставить под сомнение.

 Что. Скажи. Сьюзан словно отключилась от Хейла и всего окружающего ее хаоса. Энсей Танкадо - это Северная Дакота… Сьюзан попыталась расставить все фрагменты имеющейся у нее информации по своим местам.

 - Висячие строки в источнике. Альфа-группы повсюду. Джабба не шелохнулся.

 Сегодня утром Дэвид рассказал мне о ваших планах. Он сказал, что ты будешь очень расстроена, если поездку придется отложить. Сьюзан растерялась. - Вы говорили с Дэвидом сегодня утром. - Разумеется.

 М-м… сто десять фунтов, - сказала Соши. - Сто десять? - оживился Джабба.  - Сколько будет сто десять минус тридцать пять и две десятых. - Семьдесят четыре и восемь десятых, - сказала Сьюзан.  - Но я не думаю… - С дороги! - закричал Джабба, рванувшись к клавиатуре монитора.

Она нашла то, что искала, вернулась со справочником к своему терминалу, ввела несколько команд и подождала, пока компьютер проверит список команд, отданных за последние три часа. Сьюзан надеялась обнаружить внешнее воздействие - команду отключения, вызванную сбоем электропитания или дефектным чипом.

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