Douglas Mcgregor X And Y Theory Pdf

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Theory X and Theory Y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, Mcgregor's X-Y Theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques. McGregor's XY Theory remains central to organisational development, and to improving organisational culture.

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Douglas Mcgregor Theory X Theory Y Pdf To Excel

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In his book, The Human Side of Enterprise , McGregor proposed two theories by which managers perceive and address employee motivation. He referred to these opposing motivational methods as Theory X and Theory Y management. Essentially, Theory X assumes that the primary source of employee motivation is monetary, with security as a strong second. Under Theory X, one can take a hard or soft approach to getting results. The hard approach to motivation relies on coercion, implicit threats, micromanagement, and tight controls— essentially an environment of command and control. The soft approach, however, is to be permissive and seek harmony in the hopes that, in return, employees will cooperate when asked. However, neither of these extremes is optimal.

The paper identifies major management approaches cited by McGregor as being examples of his Theory Y management principles. The paper traces the historical development of each of these approaches and their application today. This paper reviews McGregor's original article, then traces the historical development and application of McGregor's major concepts through the identification and review of relevant historical and contemporary literature. Major findings provide strong evidence that McGregor's Theory Y concepts and related management approaches have grown in application, are closely related to appreciative inquiry and social construction. There is also evidence that McGregor's concept of management may be universal and has application across national cultural boundaries.

Theory X and Theory Y

In , Douglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals employees : one of which is negative, called as Theory X and the other is positive, so called as Theory Y. According to McGregor, the perception of managers on the nature of individuals is based on various assumptions. Thus, he encouraged cordial team relations, responsible and stimulating jobs, and participation of all in decision-making process. View All Articles. Similar Articles Under - Motivation.

Theory X and Theory Y are theories of human work motivation and management. The two theories proposed by McGregor describe contrasting models of workforce motivation applied by managers in human resource management , organizational behavior , organizational communication and organizational development. Theory X explains the importance of heightened supervision, external rewards, and penalties, while Theory Y highlights the motivating role of job satisfaction and encourages workers to approach tasks without direct supervision. Management use of Theory X and Theory Y can affect employee motivation and productivity in different ways, and managers may choose to implement strategies from both theories into their practices. McGregor also believed that self-actualization was the highest level of reward for employees.

Theory X & Theory Y

You are using an ad blocker. ToolsHero is a free knowledge platform on management methods, models and more. Our core business model is advertisement which helps us to create this free platform for you! Please help us by disabling your ad blocker. After reading you will understand the background and the practical basics of these leadership styles.

У нее резко запершило в горле, и в поисках выхода она бросилась к двери. Переступив порог, она вовремя успела ухватиться за дверную раму и лишь благодаря этому удержалась на ногах: лестница исчезла, превратившись в искореженный раскаленный металл. Сьюзан в ужасе оглядела шифровалку, превратившуюся в море огня. Расплавленные остатки миллионов кремниевых чипов извергались из ТРАНСТЕКСТА подобно вулканической лаве, густой едкий дым поднимался кверху. Она узнала этот запах, запах плавящегося кремния, запах смертельного яда.

 - Насколько я знаю Стратмора, это его дела. Готова спорить на любые деньги, что он. Чутье мне подсказывает.  - Второе, что никогда не ставилось под сомнение, - это чутье Мидж.

Theory X, Theory Y, and Theory Z

Он крикнул парню: - Десять тысяч, если отвезете меня в аэропорт. Тот даже не повернул головы и выключил двигатель. - Двадцать тысяч! - крикнул Беккер.  - Мне срочно нужно в аэропорт. Наконец парень посмотрел на. - Scusi? - Он оказался итальянцем. - Аегорortо.

 Ключ… - Ее передернуло.  - Коммандер Стратмор отправил кого-то в Испанию с заданием найти ключ. - И что? - воскликнул Джабба.

Никакой Северной Дакоты нет и в помине. Энсей Танкадо - единственный исполнитель в этом шоу. Единственный исполнитель. Сьюзан пронзила ужасная мысль.

5 Response
  1. AsdrГєbal P.

    McGregor believed that managers' basic beliefs have a dominant influence on the way that organisations are run. Managers' assumptions about the behaviour of people are central to this. Theory X and Theory Y describe two views of people at work and may be used to describe two opposing management styles.

  2. SalomГ© A.

    PDF | Douglas McGregor's landmark book, The Human Side of Enterprise, changed the path of management thinking and practice by.

  3. Iven C.

    Theory X and Theory Y are theories of human work motivation and management. They were created by Douglas McGregor while he was working at the MIT.

  4. AmГ©lie G.

    During the past 30 years, managers have been bombarded with two competing approaches to the problems of human administration and organization.

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