Neural Bases Of Cognitive Conflict And Control In Moral Judgment Pdf

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A common feature of the antisocial, rule-breaking behavior that is central to criminal, violent and psychopathic individuals is the failure to follow moral guidelines. This review summarizes key findings from brain imaging research on both antisocial behavior and moral reasoning, and integrates these findings into a neural moral model of antisocial behavior. Key areas found to be functionally or structurally impaired in antisocial populations include dorsal and ventral regions of the prefrontal cortex PFC , amygdala, hippocampus, angular gyrus, anterior cingulate and temporal cortex.

Recent fMRI evidence has detected increased medial prefrontal activation during contemplation of personal moral dilemmas compared to impersonal ones, which suggests that this cortical region plays a role in personal moral judgment. However, functional imaging results cannot definitively establish that a brain area is necessary for a particular cognitive process. This requires evidence from lesion techniques, such as studies of human patients with focal brain damage.


Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Greene and L. Nystrom and Andrew D. Engell and J. Darley and J.

The role of emotion regulation in moral judgment.

Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. Neuroethics , 05 May , 11 3 : DOI: Free to read. Moral judgment has typically been characterized as a conflict between emotion and reason. In recent years, a central concern has been determining which process is the chief contributor to moral behavior. While classic moral theorists claimed that moral evaluations stem from consciously controlled cognitive processes, recent research indicates that affective processes may be driving moral behavior.

The raw data supporting the conclusions of this article will be made available by the authors, without undue reservation. Moral judgment can be highly affected by the action and intention factors on a behavior level. Previous neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that the intention factor can modulate both the affective and cognitive processing of moral judgment. The present event-related potentials ERP study examined how the action factor modulated the neural dynamics of moral judgment under a newly developed moral dilemma paradigm including three different conditions: harm caused by action i. Behavior data showed that participants preferred utilitarian judgments and spent less time on the allowing harm condition than for the doing harm condition. Such LPP amplitude differences were positively correlated with the C-score of the moral competence test which indexed the cognitive aspect of moral judgment competency.

Is human morality a product of nature? Of nurture? There has been a long dispute in the social sciences about which is responsible. The debate has largely been unproductive. It seems that morality results from both nature and nurture. Research in the evolutionary behavioral sciences has accumulated strong evidence: the hardware of our brains is pre-programmed with propensities for moral judgment.

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Selective deficit in personal moral judgment following damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex

Human decision-making that involves moral dilemmas is a complex process, as individuals try to adhere to their moral values while their actual decisions can be influenced by several situational constraints. Although many neuroimaging studies have unveiled the neural mechanisms that underlie moral decision-making, little attention has been paid to the temporal dynamics of how a decision-maker assesses utility weights differently for a moral or adaptive choice that will bring loss or gain to himself and others when the outcome will be realized in the near versus distant future. Twenty-two participants were given a set of moral dilemmas with time intervals that varied from the near future to the distant future. Participants chose between two conflicting options: a self-interest-seeking immoral choice adaptive and a principled moral choice moral.

Neurobiology of Human Values pp Cite as. We have also found that brain regions including the anterior dorsolateral prefrontal cortices predict inter-trial differences in moral judgment behavior, exhibiting greater activity for utilitarian judgments. I speculate that our emerging psychological and neuroscientific understanding of moral judgment may influence our responses to real-world moral dilemmas. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Миллиард долларов. Мидж хмыкнула. - Кажется, чуточку дороговато, не правда .

Emotion and Cognition in Moral Judgment: Evidence from Neuroimaging

А потом этот парень умер. - А вы пробовали сделать ему искусственное дыхание? - предположил Беккер. - Нет. Мы к нему не прикасались.

Ничего похожего. У Халохота был компьютер Монокль, мы и его проверили. Похоже, он не передал ничего хотя бы отдаленно похожего на набор букв и цифр - только список тех, кого ликвидировал. - Черт возьми! - не сдержался Фонтейн, теряя самообладание.  - Он должен там .

Traditional theories of moral psychology emphasize reasoning and "higher cognition," while more recent work emphasizes the role of emotion. The present fMRI.


Ему оставалось только стоять на коленях на холодном каменном полу огромного собора. Старик утратил к нему всякий интерес, прихожане встали и запели гимн. Ноги у него свело судорогой. Хорошо бы их вытянуть. Терпи, - сказал он.  - Терпи. Потом закрыл глаза и глубоко вздохнул.

Уверенно и неуклонно. Не сбиваясь с курса. Именно эта целеустремленность всегда изумляла, эта неколебимая верность принципам, стране, идеалам. Что бы ни случилось, коммандер Тревор Стратмор всегда будет надежным ориентиром в мире немыслимых решений. - Так ты со мной, Сьюзан? - спросил .

Беккер остановился перед зеркалом и тяжело вздохнул.

Его руки снова обхватили ее - одна сдавила левую грудь, другая - талию - и оторвали от двери. Сьюзан кричала и молотила руками в тщетной попытке высвободиться, а он все тащил ее, и пряжка его брючного ремня больно вдавливалась ей в спину. Хейл был необычайно силен. Когда он проволок ее по ковру, с ее ног соскочили туфли.

Она не помнила, чтобы это слово срывалось когда-нибудь с губ коммандера Стратмора. Чрезвычайная. В шифровалке.

Но Беккер слишком устал, чтобы обращать внимание на оскорбления. Проваливай и умри. Он повернулся к Росио и заговорил с ней по-испански: - Похоже, я злоупотребил вашим гостеприимством. - Не обращайте на него внимания, - засмеялась.  - Он просто расстроен.

Selective deficit in personal moral judgment following damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex
2 Response
  1. Kussi M.

    The present fMRI data support a theory of moral judgment according to Here there is no significant cognitive conflict and no need for extended reasoning or cognitive control. Download: Download Acrobat PDF file (57KB).

  2. Cerys G.

    Several regions of frontal and parietal cortex predict intertrial differences in moral judgment behavior, exhibiting greater activity for utilitarian judgments. We.

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