Difference Between Religion And Spirituality Pdf File

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Spirituality and religiosity have been found to be positive predictors of subjective well-being, even if results are not altogether consistent across studies. In order to test the role of spirituality operationalized as Purpose, Innerness, Interconnection, and Transcendence and religiosity operationalized as three dimensions of the religious identity: Commitment, In-depth Exploration, and Reconsideration of Commitment in subjective well-being, two path analysis models were run, one for each predictor. The models concerning religiosity were instead tested only on religious and uncertain, finding that the relationship between religiosity and subjective well-being changes across religious status.

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 1, Brazilian adults.


Positive ageing encompasses the various ways in which older adults approach life challenges associated with ageing and how certain approaches allow older adults to age in a more positive way. The concept of positive ageing is gaining attention in the literature as an approach to health and well-being that incorporates a range of factors in the lives of older adults. These factors encourage an understanding of older adults as rounded individuals—rather than a series of health issues—and go beyond the aspiration to promote only physical and mental health, which is sometimes unachievable in older age. As such, this article brings together the relevant literature and considers its application in relation to a qualitative exploratory study with older adults in London in order to make recommendations for future research and practice. The article will then turn to the methodology, followed by the findings, discussion and conclusion. As noted, the concept of positive ageing is one which has been growing in academic and public debate in recent years.

This book presents an integrated review and critical analysis of the recent research in the positive psychology of religion, with focus on the positive psychology of religion across different cultures and religions. The book provides a review of the literature on different contributions of religion and spirituality to positive functioning and well-being and reviews religions across the world, including Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Judaism, Sikhism, Native American religions, and Hinduism. While the target audience is researchers, scholars, and students in psychology, cross-cultural studies, religious studies, and social sciences, it will be useful for anyone interested in better understanding the contributions of religion and culture in subjective well-being. She has published research on happiness, cross-cultural psychology of emotion, and psychology of religion and spirituality in peer-reviewed journals and edited volumes. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available.

Religious and Spiritual Aspects in the Construction of Identity Modelized as a Constellation

Handbook of Child Well-Being pp Cite as. In this chapter, child well-being is related to the concept of spirituality. Spirituality is addressed both as a recent social phenomenon and as a new field of research. To prepare for a definition, spirituality is first distinguished from religion and religiousness before an attempt is made at giving a core definition and a comprehensive definition. Spirituality is then related to the concepts of spiritual development, spiritual education, and spiritual well-being, and the question is asked: How can spiritual well-being be measured — and achieved?

The psychological components underlying these protective effects, however, remain little understood. The first factor The corresponding factor scores were greater in older individuals and those at low familial risk. As this suggests adequate single-item construct validity, it may be adequate for use in health studies lacking the resources for more extensive measures. Nonetheless, given that this single item accounted for only a small fraction of the total survey variance, results based on the item should be interpreted and applied with caution. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability: Data were obtained as part of an ongoing, multi-generational study of families at risk for depression that started in before data sharing existed ; therefore, consent was not obtained.

Religion and spirituality are often mistakenly understood as synonymous terms. At a recent conference I presented a paper on the interaction of spiritual identity and sexual orientation in lesbian and gay college students. One of the first comments from the discussant of the paper was that I seemed to imply that all lesbian and gay people were religious or interested in religion, when, in his experience, that was not true. I agreed with him on his latter assertion, but not on the implication he read into the paper. And while I would argue that all people are spiritual to some degree, I recognize that not all are religious. I can also say that I have met more than a few religious people who were severely deficient in the area of spiritual development.

The association between spirituality and religiousness and mental health

The technological advances of the past century tended to change the focus of medicine from a caring, service oriented model to a technological, cure-oriented model. Technology has led to phenomenal advances in medicine and has given us the ability to prolong life. However, in the past few decades physicians have attempted to balance their care by reclaiming medicine's more spiritual roots, recognizing that until modern times spirituality was often linked with health care. Spiritual or compassionate care involves serving the whole person—the physical, emotional, social, and spiritual. Such service is inherently a spiritual activity.

The past century has seen the relationship between psychology and religion progress from wary antagonists to strange bedfellows to complementary worldviews. Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality is designed as a text that reflects this history while illuminating the robust dialogue that continues to accompany it. These are valuable perspectives for graduate or undergraduate courses in the psychology of religion, and a rich resource for graduate courses in psychology and counseling. In addition, Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality makes an inviting text for seminary courses in spiritual and pastoral counseling.

This paper makes a case for an integrative approach to the field of psychology of religion and spirituality. This work of integration can stimulate, and enrich our perceptions of the multiple dimensions, levels and valences of religion and spirituality. This paper is not intended to be a polished, final synthesis, but rather to be a proposition of a more tentative character. I would prefer to think of it as a stimulus for research in psychology in the field of religion and spirituality. It builds upon the text of the first chapter of the manual published recently by the American Psychological Association APA , the Handbook of psychology, religion and spirituality.

Religion and belief

Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality pp Cite as. A central feature of both religious and psychological understandings of the human condition is that people are not static entities. Life from birth to death involves many changes in our physical, psychological, and spiritual makeup. In psychology, this issue has been explored through two major schools of thought—the psychodynamic tradition see Chapter 5 and the cognitive-structuralist school. In this chapter, we will look at variations on the structural approach.

Historically, the words religious and spiritual have been used synonymously to describe all the various aspects of the concept of religion, [1] but in contemporary usage spirituality has often become associated with the interior life of the individual, [2] [1] placing an emphasis upon the well-being of the "mind-body-spirit" , [3] : 63 while religion refers to organizational or communal dimensions. Historically, the words religious and spiritual have been used synonymously to describe all the various aspects of the concept of religion. The specific expression was used in several scholarly works, including an anthropological paper in [6] and in Zinnbauer et al. One fifth of the US public and a third of adults under the age of 30 are reportedly unaffiliated with any religion but identify as being spiritual in some way.

All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree. All these aspirations are directed towards ennobling man's life, lifting it from the sphere of mere physical existence and leading the individual towards freedom. Albert Einstein. Everybody has beliefs about life and the world they experience. Mutually supportive beliefs may form belief systems, which may be religious, philosophical or ideological.

have no need for religion and that rational thinking and secular What is this uneasiness? Is it that. it suspects spirituality of Pelagian notions.

What Is Spirituality?

I Undergraduate nursing student, Universidade Federal de Alfenas. Alfenas, MG, Brazil. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression.

2 Response
  1. JoselГ­n O.

    The past century has seen the relationship between psychology and religion progress from wary antagonists to strange bedfellows to complementary worldviews.

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