Linda Darling Hammond Performance Assessment And Educational Equity Pdf

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Creating Excellent and Equitable Schools

The right design features and policies can promote exceptional high schools on a broad scale. A business maxim holds that every organization is perfectly structured to achieve the results it achieves. We could say the same of schools. And when outcomes are particularly problematic—as is true for many large urban high schools that lose most of their students before graduation—attaining substantially different results in our schools will require more than just teachers "trying harder" within traditional bureaucratic constraints. Such a shift typically requires new organizational structures. Some high schools that have made those changes offer an education that not only helps students achieve academically but also can dramatically transform students' life prospects.

In recent years, the school reform movement has engendered widespread efforts to transform the ways in which student work and learning are assessed in schools. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Advertisement Hide.

Harvard Educational Review 1 April ; 64 1 : 5— The use of educational testing in the United States has been criticized for its inequitable effects on different populations of students. Many assume that new forms of assessment will lead to more equitable outcomes. Linda Darling-Hammond argues in this article, however, that alternative assessment methods, such as performance-based assessment, are not inherently equitable, and that educators must pay careful attention to the ways that the assessments are used. Some school reform strategies, for example, use assessment reform as a lever for external control of schools. These strategies, Darling-Hammond argues, are unlikely to be successful and the assessments are unlikely to be equitable because they stem from a distrust of teachers and fail to involve teachers in the reform processes. Darling-Hammond argues instead for policies that ensure "top-down support for bottom-up reform," where assessment is used to give teachers practical information on student learning and to provide opportunities for school communities to engage in "a recursive process of self-reflection, self-critique, self-correction, and self-renewal.

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Linda Darling-Hammond is Charles E. Her research, policy, and teaching focus on teacher education and teaching quality, school restructuring, and educational equity. Login Register. ISSN Notifications View Subscribe.

Educator evaluation alone is an ineffective approach to significantly improving the quality of all teachers and leaders. Who is recruited into the profession and how they are prepared are just as essential as how we develop, support, and retain educators once they enter the classroom or begin serving in the administrator role. To ensure educational equity, such an approach must include educator evaluation systems designed to help all teachers and leaders develop and improve throughout their careers. The following links are resources that discuss the topic of educator evaluations. Department of Education. Formerly called the National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, the GTL Center supports state education leaders in their efforts to grow, respect, and retain great teachers and leaders for all students. The MET project The MET Project is a research partnership of academics, teachers, and education organizations committed to investigating better ways to identify and develop effective teaching.

By Pedro Noguera, Linda Darling-Hammond, and Diane Friedlaender Her research and policy work focus on educational and teaching equality and How Performance Assessments Support 21st Century Learning was released in

Equity Issues In Performance-Based Assessment

She is author or editor of more than 25 books and more than articles [1] on education policy and practice. Her work focuses on school restructuring, teacher education, and educational equity. She was education advisor to Barack Obama's presidential campaign [2] [3] and was reportedly among candidates for United States Secretary of Education in the Obama administration.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Few Americans realize that the U. Poor and minority students are concentrated in the least well-funded schools, most of which are located in central cities or rural areas and funded at levels substantially below those of neighboring suburban districts.

Creating Excellent and Equitable Schools

Linda Darling-Hammond is Charles E. Her research and policy work focus on issues of educational equity, teaching quality, and school reform.

Equity Issues In Performance-Based Assessment

Download this report pdf. Download the executive summary pdf. Download to mobile devices and e-readers from Scribd. Event: Cultivating Effective Teachers. Parents, practitioners, and policymakers agree that the key to improving public education in America is placing highly skilled and effective teachers in all classrooms. Yet the nation still lacks a practical set of standards and assessments that can guarantee that teachers, particularly new teachers, are well prepared and ready to teach. This report discusses a promising approach to the question of how to measure teacher effectiveness.

Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Equity and Excellence in Educational Testing and Assessment. Front Matter Pages i-xv. Front Matter Pages

He promised to choose a person with experience as a teacher. He said he wants a Secretary who is committed to public education. Here is my choice. Leslie T. Fenwick, other than Dr.

Equity Issues In Performance-Based Assessment

Большой Брат был частью мира, в котором царила Мидж. Он получал информацию со 148 камер кабельного телевидения, 399 электронных дверей, 377 устройств прослушивания телефонов и еще 212 жучков, установленных по всему комплексу АНБ. Директора АН Б дорого заплатили за осознание того факта, что двадцать шесть тысяч сотрудников не только огромная ценность, но и источник больших неприятностей. Все крупные провалы в сфере безопасности в истории агентства происходили внутри этого здания.

 Спасибо, - сказал Беккер.  - Я сегодня улетаю. Офицер был шокирован.

Рядом раздался оглушающий визг тормозов такси, его лысая резина заскользила по полу.

От ее слов повеяло ледяным холодом: - Джабба, я выполняю свои должностные обязанности. И не хочу, чтобы на меня кричали, когда я это делаю. Когда я спрашиваю, почему многомиллиардное здание погрузилось во тьму, я рассчитываю на профессиональный ответ.

Они двигались уже не по узкому боковому притоку, а по главному руслу. Когда улица сделала поворот, Беккер вдруг увидел прямо перед собой собор и вздымающуюся ввысь Гиральду. Звон колоколов оглушал, эхо многократно отражалось от высоких стен, окружающих площадь. Людские потоки из разных улиц сливались в одну черную реку, устремленную к распахнутым дверям Севильского собора.

Нужно выключить ТРАНСТЕКСТ.

 - Документ слишком объемный. Найдите содержание. Соши открутила несколько страниц .

 Замечательный одеколон, Грег. Вылил целую бутылку. Хейл включил свой компьютер. - Специально для тебя, дорогая.

 Ты вскрыла мою электронную почту. - А ты отключил моего Следопыта.

ME TOO, что означало: Я. Беккер расхохотался. Он дожил до тридцати пяти лет, а сердце у него прыгало, как у влюбленного мальчишки. Никогда еще его не влекло ни к одной женщине.

И со всем этим ему приходится справляться в одиночку. Стоит ли удивляться, что он находится на грани срыва?. - С учетом обстоятельств, я полагаю, - сказала Сьюзан, - вам все же нужно позвонить директору. Стратмор покачал головой, и капля пота с его лба упала на стол.

Потребление энергии на среднем уровне.

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