File Name: lives of girls and women .zip
- WHO Calls for Urgent Action to Improve the Health and Lives of Girls and Women
- Girls' Attitudes Survey
- Lives of Girls and Women
- Lives of Girls and Women
Alice Munro 's only novel, Lives of Girls and Women , which was published in , is a fictionalized coming-of-age work that is sometimes described as autobiographical. Munro is best known as a short story writer, whose work focuses on women's lives.
Despite considerable progress in the past decades, societies continue to fail to meet the health care needs of women at key moments of their lives, particularly in their adolescent years and in older age, a WHO report has found. Communication Material. Stronger Together. World Health Day. PAHO Calendar.
WHO Calls for Urgent Action to Improve the Health and Lives of Girls and Women
Alice Munro 's only novel, Lives of Girls and Women , which was published in , is a fictionalized coming-of-age work that is sometimes described as autobiographical. Munro is best known as a short story writer, whose work focuses on women's lives. Lives of Girls and Women consists of an episodic series of loosely linked short stories, all connected around the life of a young girl. Del Jordan, who is a child in the book's opening chapters, narrates a series of episodes from her life growing up in Jubilee, a small rural town in western Ontario.
It is a reasonable possibility that Jubilee was modeled after Munro's own home town of Wingham, Ontario. Del's stories focus on her efforts to find her place in the small town in which she lives.
She is not content with the kind of life that other young girls live and has no desire to be conventional. Instead, Del wants to find her own voice. Her efforts result in an interesting opposition between memory, truth, and imagination. As a narrator, Del relates events from different perspectives of time, recounting events from both the child narrator's perspective and from the viewpoint of the grown woman looking back on her life. This style of narration provides dimension and complexity to Munro's book.
Munro's only novel also offers readers what seems to be an authentic glimpse into small town life. Her descriptions of locations and people create an image for the reader that seems very authentic. Lives of Girls and Women was. A recent edition of the novel was released by Vintage Books in Her father, Robert, was an unsuccessful breeder of silver foxes, whose business failed completely during the depression.
Her mother, Ann, had been a school teacher at one time and later helped her husband sell the pelts from their foxes. The Laidlaw family was poor, especially after her father's fox farm failed, and they lived in a poorer area just outside town. Alice began writing short stories when she was twelve and continued to write after she left Wingham to attend university. She won a scholarship to attend the University of Western Ontario in , but she was forced to leave after two years when the scholarship ended.
Rather than return to her home in , she decided to marry a fellow student, James Munro. During the more than twenty years of their marriage, they had four daughters, one of whom died in infancy. The Munro family lived in Vancouver, British Columbia for many years, but eventually they moved to Victoria, where they opened a bookstore.
During the time in Vancouver, Munro wrote infrequently, but after the move to Victoria, she once again began writing short stories. Her first collection of short stories was published as Dance of the Happy Shades in This first book, which included stories written in the s and s, won the Governor General's Literary Award, Canada's highest literary award. The following year, Munro left her husband and moved back to Ontario, where she began teaching creative writing classes at the University of Western Ontario.
Munro and her husband were divorced in , and she married Gerald Fremlin that same year. She won this award for a third time in for The Progress of Love. Munro was awarded the inaugural Marian Engel Award in for her entire body of work. In the years that followed, Munro continued to write short stories, some of which were published in the New Yorker and in Atlantic Monthly.
Smith Award for the best book published in the United Kingdom in Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage , Runaway , which also won the Giller Prize, and The View From Castle Rock continue Munro's love of the short story as a way to explore women's lives and her own family's past life. The narrator, Del, uses this first chapter of Lives of Girls and Women to briefly introduce her family and setting.
Del lives at the end of Flats Road, which is just outside town but not quite in the country. Del lives with her mother, Addie, who hates living in the country and envisions herself more attuned to city living, and her father, who is comfortable with their semi-country existence. The narrator also shares her home with her younger brother, Owen, and a dog, Major. The area in which they live is described as "neglected, poor, and eccentric. This opening chapter quickly establishes the narrator's position within the family and paints the world in which she lives.
It is in rural Canada. The people are unsophisticated, poor, wary of strangers, and some are drunk much of the time. Readers are introduced to several strange and peculiar inhabitants of the countryside, including bootleggers Mitch Plim, and the Potter boys. The narrator labels Frankie Hall and Irene Pollox as the two idiots, who live on Flats Road, and readers learn about Sandy Stevenson, who marries a widow and is haunted by her unhappy deceased husband. All of these characters populate Flats Road and help to create an image of quirkiness in the first chapter of Munro's novel.
This opening chapter also recounts the story of Uncle Benny, who is not the narrator's uncle or anyone's uncle, as readers quickly learn. Benny Poole lives in his parent's home, which is filled with a variety of objects that the narrator describes as "a wealth of wreckage, a whole rich, dark, rotting mess of carpets, linoleum, parts of furniture, insides of machinery, nails, wire, tools, utensils.
Although the author provides some information about Uncle Benny's life, for instance that he subscribes to a tabloid newspaper filled with strange and unusual happenings, the larger focus of this chapter is on Benny's mail order bride and what happens to him after he brings her back to Flats Road. When Benny goes to meet this woman for the first time, he finds her family prepared for an immediate wedding, to which Benny agrees, without much thought.
He brings his new bride back to Flats Road, Jubilee. Madeleine is not the bargain Benny hoped to find. She is only a girl, although she already has a small child. She is also dirty and ill kept and given to violence and the occasional outburst directed to anyone who displeases her. Readers also learn that she beats her daughter, Diane. When Madeleine disappears with some of his broken-down furniture, Benny goes to Toronto to search for her and to rescue Diane, but he is soon lost and discouraged and returns home without the child he had hoped to save.
Years later, when he is reminded of Madeleine, Benny prefers to remember his brief foray into marriage "with a little contempt for being something, or somebody, so long discarded. In this chapter, Munro tells the story of Del's Uncle Craig, who is researching the family genealogy and accumulating a detailed history of the area. Although when the chapter opens, Uncle Craig is old and partially blind, Munro includes the description of Uncle Craig as he appeared in a youthful photograph, and so readers can see him as more than just the old man that Del sees.
Uncle Craig's life work has been a ponderous written history of the area. He writes down the most exacting details, but his history is dry and uninteresting to Del. The two maiden aunts, Elspeth and Grace, are also purveyors of history. They relate the oral history of the people and land, infusing their stories with the kinds of details and personal antidotes that Del finds entertaining.
The two sisters also find the telling of the stories entertaining, and Del notes that even without an audience, "they would have told them anyway, for their own pleasure. However, the sisters judge their own stories and work to be less important than the work of their brother, Craig.
When he is busy recording his history, all noise, talking, or even slight movement must cease, so that he cannot be disturbed. In the sisters' world, men occupy a more important sphere than women. The sisters change when they visit Del's home and come into contact with her mother. They become "sulky, sly, elderly, eager to take offense. The aunts also reveal an important family tradition.
For example, Uncle Craig never ran for office, just as they never married. Del understands that they feared rejection so much that they never took a chance on doing anything that might result in being rejected, whether public office, marriage, or any other opportunity. This chapter also tells the story of Del's cousin, Mary Agnes, who is described as "almost like other people. Del knows that Mary Agnes must be shown the respect of an adult, since her age suggests that she is one, but her behavior is that of a child.
She has been assaulted in the past, although Del does not know if Mary Agnes was sexually assaulted, but now she wears extra layers of clothing and is more closely watched.
Her mother, Aunt Moira, is a victim of many physical maladies, which Del credits to Aunt Moria's having been married, since her two spinster sisters, Aunt Elspeth and Aunties Grace, are both in perfect health. Thus Del thinks that marriage is not as healthy for women as being single. The climax of this chapter focuses on the death of Uncle Craig, whose passing leads to a discussion about dying and nature. The title for this chapter is taken from an article that tells about organ transplant, which Del's mother uses to try and dispel some of the mystery surrounding death.
The prospect of seeing her uncle's body frightens Del and no amount of reassurance relieves her anxiety. When Mary Agnes tries to force Del to view the body, Del bites her. This chapter ends with Del outgrowing her two aunts and their stories.
The two aunts seem to lose their vitality after Uncle Craig's death, which Del credits to "what became of them when they no longer had a man with them, to nourish and admire. Del stores Uncle Craig's life work in the cellar, where a spring flood eventually destroys it. In this chapter, readers learn about Del's mother. The title of the chapter refers to her mother's nom de plume, which she uses for a column that she writes, which is published in the local newspaper. Addie Jordan has become an encyclopedia salesman as the chapter begins.
Del likes reading the encyclopedia, and initially she is pleased to recite what she knows, as part of her mother's sales pitch. Eventually, though, Del begins to understand that reciting a catalogue of facts is not especially attractive, and after a series of deliberate errors and embarrassing moments, the recitations end.
Readers also learn that Del's mother, who has always hated country living, has rented a house in town. The family still goes back out to the house on Flats Road for the summer, but they no longer all live together as a family. Like her mother, Del enjoys the formality and order of living in town. Life is busier and far more interesting, as well. Del also describes a party that her mother threw for the other town ladies, whom she wished to impress.
Del enjoys the party and admires her mother, until Aunt Elspeth and Auntie Grace's criticism make her see the party and her mother differently.
She sees her mother's efforts to impress as embarrassing, and in some ways even pitiful, in her failed attempt to introduce new social customs to their small town. Del tells her mother's personal story, as the chapter continues. Addie Morrison grew up very poor, with a father and two brothers, one whom she tolerated and another whom she hated.
Del's maternal grandmother was a religious fanatic, who spent her time either weeping or praying. When she inherited money, it was spent on expensive bibles to give to nonbelievers, even though the family was in desperate need of money. Del is sometimes acutely embarrassed by her mother—by her stories, by her clothing, and by her mannerisms.
Girls' Attitudes Survey
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An educated girl is likely to increase her personal earning potential, as well as reduce poverty in her community. The effects carry from one generation to the next: educated girls have fewer, healthier and better educated children. At the wider societal level, more educated girls lead to an increase in female leaders, lower levels of population growth and the subsequent reduction of pressures related to climate change. At UNICEF, we believe that educating girls — both at primary and secondary levels — tackles the root causes of poverty. Moreover, it is not just time in school, but skills acquired that count.
Lives of Girls and Women
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Lives of Girls and Women
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The cycle serves as a coming of age story for Del Jordan growing up first on the outskirts, and later in the centre, of the small, southern Ontario town of Jubilee. Del is portrayed as something of an outsider, unsatisfied with small town life though unwilling to acknowledge the similarities between herself and her mother who also seeks to expand her mind beyond the limited experiences of Jubilee. The cycle is often cited as concerning many feminist ideas and it is in this context that the text deals primarily with female characters, with only a few male figures playing important roles. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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