Indian Society And Culture Notes Pdf

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A society is an aggregation sum of all the human relations based on some common characteristics, tradition, norms and values. A society can be called homogeneous e. Arab nation, Japan or heterogeneous e. India, US based on the elements of diversity. Practically no well-developed society across the world can be called homogeneous as some form of difference do exist in all of them.

The question becomes difficult to answer as by the reason of Indian diversity. People of India do not have a common religion, race, language etc. The only thing that people in India share together is the identity of being Indian and the values prescribed under the constitution. However following feature can help define Indian society in broad terms.

The present Indian society is the culmination of long drawn process involving both assimilation and accommodation. While many tribes have over the years lost their indigenous culture as a result of assimilation into the Hindu society, many new practices have emerged from contact of different cultures. It is also dynamic since it is ever changing. The recent example of it is the changes in the social values after globalization. Struggle of many tribes such as Naga for protecting their culture from outsiders.

Caste like system adopted by Islam in India foreign conquerors - Ashraf and the local converts - Ajlaf. Rashtrapati Bhawan — fusion of Rajput, Mughal and European architecture. While after globalization a visible shift can be seen towards modern values such, Indian society has not failed to protect and preserve its traditional values and norms and has even endeavored to spread them across the world.

While many modern gyms have opened across the nation, yoga has only gained more popularity in the recent time as evident from the declaration of 21st June International Yoga Day by UN. Western food is equally popular as Indian food. So is the case with dance, music, cuisines, dress etc. While nuclear families have become the new norm, family values like taking care of elderly have remained intact. When India got independent many political thinker had commented that number of days of Indian democracy are numbered since society as diverse as India will ultimately have to make way for small homogeneous independent states.

There are:. Values of co-existence that had developed as a result of historical fusion and accommodation since most of the conquerors like Mughals settled in India itself. The Indian national movement: rule of congress such as meeting shall be held in different part of nations; British railways, telegram, army, Indian press, major movements like non-cooperation that promoted mixing of people.

This all led to development of Indian identity. Values espoused in the constitution which have protected the growth of majoritarianism in the nation. State reorganization based on language and efforts of government to protect the interest of minorities. High levels of migration across the nation despite the wise cultural differences.

Ugadi festival of Andhra — Muslims here offer prayers to the Vaishnav deity 3. Major festivals like Diwali, Eid and Christmas are celebrated across the nation with equal fervor. Flourishing metro cities like Delhi, Bangalore etc.

The system originated from the varna systems has created social stratification a major source of privileges and disabilities. The emerging class system though closely resembles the caste hierarchy, has actually provided downtrodden section opportunities for upward social mobility.

Co-existence of inter-caste marriages and endogamy is a common example of such a feature. Reflects in the economic structures as well in the indicators of poverty, education, income, asset ownership, trades and professions etc.

It place the collective values over and above the individual achievements. Recent incidents like Bhima-Koregaon violence, Jat and Patidar agitation for reservation are examples of assertion of caste identities which many believe has been waning the Indian society in the past few decades. Patriarchy is family or social system where final decision making power vests in the male head. As a result of it women usually are relegate to the status of second class citizens are subjected to various disabilities.

Although many social groups are matrilineal as well such as in Meghalaya and Kerala, patriarchy is near universal. The system can be found in nearly every society. It leads to gender discrimination and socio-eco deprivation of women. The system reflects in the following:. Low levels of literacy among women and low female labor force participation. System of dowry and lesser freedom for marriage Hadiya case.

It is usually said that heart of India lies in its villages proved by the statistics as well as the culture of rural areas. Many of the art and craft such as Madhubani paintings, Khadi, bamboo items and other handicrafts are still predominantly sourced from rural areas. For instance, public places in Jaipur are being painted with the folk paintings of Rajasthan. Indian society has survived despite its diversity because of the accommodative values of mutual respect and tolerance that have existed here from the very early times.

These values were only strengthened with time as more and more invaders made India their home leading to mixing and co-existence on many different cultures. During the ancient period Indus valley civilization used to be a secular society and traded peacefully with other societies such as Mesopotamia, importing their cultural elements as well.

Buddhism and Jainism promoted these values among their followers. Co-existence of many philosophies — religious, atheistic and materialist - indicates the environment of debate and divergence that must have existed at the time. In the medieval period, mixing due to frequent invasions and increased trade led to fusion of different cultures. In the modern time these values have helped create and sustain a diverse secular democratic republic. It is these values which have curbed the rise of extremism in India so far and prevented poaching of Indian Muslims by terror groups such as ISIS.

High levels of migration and rise of cosmopolitans such as Delhi and Bangalore has been possible only because of these values. Previous year mains questions. Skip to main content. Weekly Current Affairs. Salient features of the Indian society What is a society? What is Indian society? Feature of Indian society: Dynamic and Syncretic: The present Indian society is the culmination of long drawn process involving both assimilation and accommodation. Examples: While many modern gyms have opened across the nation, yoga has only gained more popularity in the recent time as evident from the declaration of 21st June International Yoga Day by UN Western food is equally popular as Indian food.

There are: About 6 major religions More than spoken languages 2 5 major racial groups Number of sects within the religion Factors that have helped in the unity: Values of co-existence that had developed as a result of historical fusion and accommodation since most of the conquerors like Mughals settled in India itself The Indian national movement: rule of congress such as meeting shall be held in different part of nations; British railways, telegram, army, Indian press, major movements like non-cooperation that promoted mixing of people.

Values espoused in the constitution which have protected the growth of majoritarianism in the nation State reorganization based on language and efforts of government to protect the interest of minorities Examples: High levels of migration across the nation despite the wise cultural differences Ugadi festival of Andhra — Muslims here offer prayers to the Vaishnav deity 3 Major festivals like Diwali, Eid and Christmas are celebrated across the nation with equal fervor Flourishing metro cities like Delhi, Bangalore etc.

Other features of castes system: Perpetuated through endogamy Reflects in the economic structures as well in the indicators of poverty, education, income, asset ownership, trades and professions etc. It place the collective values over and above the individual achievements Recent incidents like Bhima-Koregaon violence, Jat and Patidar agitation for reservation are examples of assertion of caste identities which many believe has been waning the Indian society in the past few decades.

Patriarchy: Patriarchy is family or social system where final decision making power vests in the male head. Mutual respect and Tolerance: Indian society has survived despite its diversity because of the accommodative values of mutual respect and tolerance that have existed here from the very early times. The spirit tolerance and love is not only an interesting feature of Indian society from very early times, but it is also playing an important part at the present.

Why are the tribals in India referred to as the Scheduled Tribes? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment. Debate the issue of whether and how contemporary movements for assertion of Dalit identity work towards annihilation of caste.

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By personal troubles Mills means the kinds of individual worries, problems or concerns that everyone has. Unemployment or the effects of a changing occupational structure is also a societal issue, that concerns millions of different kinds of people. Colonial exploitation and domination scared Indian society in many ways. But paradoxically, colonialism also gave birth to its own enemy— nationalism. The shared experience of colonial domination helped unify and energise different sections of the community. Full of diversities of language, region, religion, caste and customs, Indian society is moving towards the modernization. During this period while all Indians came together for a common cause, various social, economic, political and administrative changes took place as a result of modernization and capitalistic forces.

A society is an aggregation sum of all the human relations based on some common characteristics, tradition, norms and values. A society can be called homogeneous e. Arab nation, Japan or heterogeneous e. India, US based on the elements of diversity. Practically no well-developed society across the world can be called homogeneous as some form of difference do exist in all of them.

Either the same locations or extended locations showed people continued to live and develop through the later stages of Mesolithic, … Free delivery on qualified orders. Link: Telangana History Book Download. These studies found that human habitations in parts of Telangana can be seen from the Paleolithic age consistently. Society, Culture, Heritage, Arts and Literature of.. Culture of Telangana. A Very useful and must read book for Tspsc, Appsc, Upsc and all othere competitive exams to crack the Examination.

Salient features of the Indian society

India offers astounding variety in virtually every aspect of social life. Diversities of ethnic, linguistic, regional, economic, religious, class, and caste groups crosscut Indian society, which is also permeated with immense urban-rural differences and gender distinctions. Differences between north India and south India are particularly significant, especially in systems of kinship and marriage.

Indian culture is the heritage of social norms , ethical values , traditional customs, belief systems , political systems , artifacts and technologies that originated in or are associated with the Indian subcontinent. The term also applies beyond India to countries and cultures whose histories are strongly connected to India by immigration, colonization, or influence, particularly in South Asia and Southeast Asia. India's languages , religions , dance , music , architecture , food and customs differ from place to place within the country. Indian culture, often labelled as a combination of several cultures, has been influenced by a history that is several millennia old, beginning with the Indus Valley Civilization.

You will also understand in detail the significant features regarding Indian society from the perspective of your syllabus. As per sociologists, a society can be defined as a group of people who have interactions within a common territory, and share a similar culture. It is the coming together of two or more people who interact and further identify with one another. Every Country owns formal boundaries and territory areas that the world recognizes as belonging to the respective country.

Indian society is very old, complex, plural and it has a long history. It is composed of different religious groups, racial groups and groups having cultural differences. The best example is Indus valley civilization.

Introducing Indian Society – CBSE Notes for Class 12 Sociology

Nesfield's emphasis on the "absence of messing" between members of different castes as the key to the understanding of caste is in Ambedkar's view a mistaking of effect for cause, because social intercourse of which messing is part is limited in a system that consists of self-enclosed units. The major features of rural society are given below: 1. The caste system is one of the oldest forms of social stratification and even though it may be prohibited by the law, the political divisions continue to exist in the minds of the people leaving many oppressed. You may be able to access teaching notes by logging in via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account. This review provides a specific view of caste and its transformations with an emphasis on the socioeconomic or labor market dimension.

 Если все пойдет хорошо, то результат будет примерно через полчаса. - Тогда за дело, - сказал Стратмор, положил ей на плечо руку и повел в темноте в направлении Третьего узла. Над их головами куполом раскинулось усыпанное звездами небо. Такие же звезды, наверное, видит сейчас Дэвид в небе над Севильей, подумала. Подойдя к тяжелой стеклянной двери, Стратмор еле слышно чертыхнулся. Кнопочная панель Третьего узла погасла, двери были закрыты. - Черт возьми.


PDF | The journey of 'Sociology of India' that began with 'colonial Anthropology' or and European scholars on Indian society and culture. Pathy ( 62) notes that there are many versions of epics representing.


Origin and Composition of Indian Society

Family and Kinship

Она открыла глаза, не в состоянии даже протянуть руку. Простыня на его половине кровати была холодной. Дэвид исчез. Значит, приснилось, подумала Сьюзан и села в кровати. Комната в викторианском стиле, сплошь кружева и антиквариат - лучший гостиничный номер в Стоун-Мэнор. Сумка, с которой она приехала, на дощатом полу посреди комнаты… ее белье на спинке стула эпохи королевы Анны, стоящего возле кровати. Вернулся ли Дэвид.

Она кивнула. - Потеряла билет. Они не хотят и слышать о том, чтобы посадить меня в самолет. На авиалиниях работают одни бездушные бюрократы. У меня нет денег на новый билет. - Где твои родители? - спросил Беккер. - В Штатах.

Culture of India

Вы можете сказать, откуда звонили? - Он проклинал себя за то, что не выяснил этого раньше. Телефонистка нервно проглотила слюну.

Фонтейн, видимо, размышлял. Сьюзан попробовала что-то сказать, но Джабба ее перебил: - Чего вы ждете, директор. Позвоните Танкадо. Скажите, что вы согласны на его условия. Нам нужен этот шифр-убийца, или все здесь провалится сквозь землю.

Но ТРАНСТЕКСТ не был обычным компьютером - его можно было отформатировать практически без потерь. Машины параллельной обработки сконструированы для того, чтобы думать, а не запоминать. В ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ практически ничего не складировалось, взломанные шифры немедленно отсылались в главный банк данных АНБ, чтобы… Сьюзан стало плохо.

Беккер нахмурился и положил трубку на рычаг.

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